Properties of time-series estimates of degree of leverage measures

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Empirical studies suggest that time-series regression estimates of the degrees of operating and financial leverage have a tendency to produce measures less than one. According to ex ante theory, these measures should be greater than one for firms operating above the breakeven point. There have also been suggestions that the biases in these estimates may be attributable to an underlying increase in unit sales. This work presents evidence that these counter-intuitive measures are produced by changes in the firm’s operating parameters (unit price, variable cost, fixed cost and interest payments). It further suggests that attempts to control for the underlying change in unit sales substantially increase the volatility of predicted estimates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-84
Number of pages16
JournalFinancial Review
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1998

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Leverage
Empirical study
Fixed costs
Payment
Operating leverage
Countermeasures
Variable cost
Financial leverage

Keywords

  • Capital structure
  • Financial leverage
  • Operating leverage

Cite this

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abstract = "Empirical studies suggest that time-series regression estimates of the degrees of operating and financial leverage have a tendency to produce measures less than one. According to ex ante theory, these measures should be greater than one for firms operating above the breakeven point. There have also been suggestions that the biases in these estimates may be attributable to an underlying increase in unit sales. This work presents evidence that these counter-intuitive measures are produced by changes in the firm’s operating parameters (unit price, variable cost, fixed cost and interest payments). It further suggests that attempts to control for the underlying change in unit sales substantially increase the volatility of predicted estimates.",
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Properties of time-series estimates of degree of leverage measures. / Lord, Richard.

In: Financial Review, Vol. 33, No. 2, 01.01.1998, p. 69-84.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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