Prospective associations between boys' substance use and problem behavior histories and their facial trustworthiness in adulthood

Zoe M. Alley, David C.R. Kerr, John Paul Wilson, Nicholas O. Rule

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

People whose faces look untrustworthy tend to receive harsher social evaluations, including more severe criminal sentences. Yet little is known about how much facial trustworthiness reflects individuals' behavioral histories. We examined whether adolescent histories of delinquency and substance use predict strangers' perceptions of young men's facial trustworthiness. Methods: Boys (n = 206) recruited from schools with higher juvenile crime rates were assessed repeatedly from ages 10-24 years, including arrest records and self-reported delinquency and substance use. Coders blind to the study's purpose rated participants' facial trustworthiness from photographs taken at ages 14 and 24; parent-reported childhood family income and coder ratings of attractiveness and positive affect at age 24 were considered as controls. Results: Facial trustworthy ness at age 24 (but not age 14) negatively correlated with all measures of problem behavior. Yet, self-reported tobacco use occasions from ages 12-23 had the strongest association with facial trustworthiness at age 24, a relation that persisted when controlling for arrests and delinquency from ages 12-23, other substance use, family income, ratings of age-24 positive facial affect, attractiveness, and age-14 facial trustworthiness (=-.29, 95% CI [-.42,-.15], p < .001). Discussion: Although boys' early facial trustworthiness did not relate to their later problem behavior, men with histories of more delinquency and tobacco use appeared less facially trustworthy as adults. Appearance-related biases may have forensic and healthcare implications for young men. Additionally, prevention efforts could leverage information about the early impacts of tobacco use on appearance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)647-670
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Social and Clinical Psychology
Volume38
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Tobacco Use
Crime
Problem Behavior
Delivery of Health Care

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Dorian gray effect
  • Face perception
  • Tobacco
  • Trustworthiness

Cite this

@article{2cbf5d93322b47a4a29b138fcb6988cb,
title = "Prospective associations between boys' substance use and problem behavior histories and their facial trustworthiness in adulthood",
abstract = "People whose faces look untrustworthy tend to receive harsher social evaluations, including more severe criminal sentences. Yet little is known about how much facial trustworthiness reflects individuals' behavioral histories. We examined whether adolescent histories of delinquency and substance use predict strangers' perceptions of young men's facial trustworthiness. Methods: Boys (n = 206) recruited from schools with higher juvenile crime rates were assessed repeatedly from ages 10-24 years, including arrest records and self-reported delinquency and substance use. Coders blind to the study's purpose rated participants' facial trustworthiness from photographs taken at ages 14 and 24; parent-reported childhood family income and coder ratings of attractiveness and positive affect at age 24 were considered as controls. Results: Facial trustworthy ness at age 24 (but not age 14) negatively correlated with all measures of problem behavior. Yet, self-reported tobacco use occasions from ages 12-23 had the strongest association with facial trustworthiness at age 24, a relation that persisted when controlling for arrests and delinquency from ages 12-23, other substance use, family income, ratings of age-24 positive facial affect, attractiveness, and age-14 facial trustworthiness (=-.29, 95{\%} CI [-.42,-.15], p < .001). Discussion: Although boys' early facial trustworthiness did not relate to their later problem behavior, men with histories of more delinquency and tobacco use appeared less facially trustworthy as adults. Appearance-related biases may have forensic and healthcare implications for young men. Additionally, prevention efforts could leverage information about the early impacts of tobacco use on appearance.",
keywords = "Adolescence, Dorian gray effect, Face perception, Tobacco, Trustworthiness",
author = "Alley, {Zoe M.} and Kerr, {David C.R.} and Wilson, {John Paul} and Rule, {Nicholas O.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1521/jscp.2019.38.7.647",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "647--670",
journal = "Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology",
issn = "0736-7236",
publisher = "Guilford Publications",
number = "8",

}

Prospective associations between boys' substance use and problem behavior histories and their facial trustworthiness in adulthood. / Alley, Zoe M.; Kerr, David C.R.; Wilson, John Paul; Rule, Nicholas O.

In: Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, Vol. 38, No. 8, 01.01.2019, p. 647-670.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prospective associations between boys' substance use and problem behavior histories and their facial trustworthiness in adulthood

AU - Alley, Zoe M.

AU - Kerr, David C.R.

AU - Wilson, John Paul

AU - Rule, Nicholas O.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - People whose faces look untrustworthy tend to receive harsher social evaluations, including more severe criminal sentences. Yet little is known about how much facial trustworthiness reflects individuals' behavioral histories. We examined whether adolescent histories of delinquency and substance use predict strangers' perceptions of young men's facial trustworthiness. Methods: Boys (n = 206) recruited from schools with higher juvenile crime rates were assessed repeatedly from ages 10-24 years, including arrest records and self-reported delinquency and substance use. Coders blind to the study's purpose rated participants' facial trustworthiness from photographs taken at ages 14 and 24; parent-reported childhood family income and coder ratings of attractiveness and positive affect at age 24 were considered as controls. Results: Facial trustworthy ness at age 24 (but not age 14) negatively correlated with all measures of problem behavior. Yet, self-reported tobacco use occasions from ages 12-23 had the strongest association with facial trustworthiness at age 24, a relation that persisted when controlling for arrests and delinquency from ages 12-23, other substance use, family income, ratings of age-24 positive facial affect, attractiveness, and age-14 facial trustworthiness (=-.29, 95% CI [-.42,-.15], p < .001). Discussion: Although boys' early facial trustworthiness did not relate to their later problem behavior, men with histories of more delinquency and tobacco use appeared less facially trustworthy as adults. Appearance-related biases may have forensic and healthcare implications for young men. Additionally, prevention efforts could leverage information about the early impacts of tobacco use on appearance.

AB - People whose faces look untrustworthy tend to receive harsher social evaluations, including more severe criminal sentences. Yet little is known about how much facial trustworthiness reflects individuals' behavioral histories. We examined whether adolescent histories of delinquency and substance use predict strangers' perceptions of young men's facial trustworthiness. Methods: Boys (n = 206) recruited from schools with higher juvenile crime rates were assessed repeatedly from ages 10-24 years, including arrest records and self-reported delinquency and substance use. Coders blind to the study's purpose rated participants' facial trustworthiness from photographs taken at ages 14 and 24; parent-reported childhood family income and coder ratings of attractiveness and positive affect at age 24 were considered as controls. Results: Facial trustworthy ness at age 24 (but not age 14) negatively correlated with all measures of problem behavior. Yet, self-reported tobacco use occasions from ages 12-23 had the strongest association with facial trustworthiness at age 24, a relation that persisted when controlling for arrests and delinquency from ages 12-23, other substance use, family income, ratings of age-24 positive facial affect, attractiveness, and age-14 facial trustworthiness (=-.29, 95% CI [-.42,-.15], p < .001). Discussion: Although boys' early facial trustworthiness did not relate to their later problem behavior, men with histories of more delinquency and tobacco use appeared less facially trustworthy as adults. Appearance-related biases may have forensic and healthcare implications for young men. Additionally, prevention efforts could leverage information about the early impacts of tobacco use on appearance.

KW - Adolescence

KW - Dorian gray effect

KW - Face perception

KW - Tobacco

KW - Trustworthiness

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85074791472&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1521/jscp.2019.38.7.647

DO - 10.1521/jscp.2019.38.7.647

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85074791472

VL - 38

SP - 647

EP - 670

JO - Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology

JF - Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology

SN - 0736-7236

IS - 8

ER -