Psychological resilience after hurricane sandy

The influence of individual- and community-level factors on mental health after a large-scale natural disaster

Sarah Lowe, Laura Sampson, Oliver Gruebner, Sandro Galea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several individual-level factors are known to promote psychological resilience in the aftermath of disasters. Far less is known about the role of community-level factors in shaping postdisaster mental health. The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of both individual- and community-level factors on resilience after Hurricane Sandy. A representative sample of household residents (N = 418) from 293 New York City census tracts that were most heavily affected by the storm completed telephone interviews approximately 13-16 months postdisaster. Multilevel multivariable models explored the independent and interactive contributions of individual- and community-level factors to posttraumatic stress and depression symptoms. At the individual-level, having experienced or witnessed any lifetime traumatic event was significantly associated with higher depression and posttraumatic stress, whereas demographic characteristics (e.g., older age, non-Hispanic Black race) and more disaster-related stressors were significantly associated with higher posttraumatic stress only. At the community-level, living in an area with higher social capital was significantly associated with higher posttraumatic stress. Additionally, higher community economic development was associated with lower risk of depression only among participants who did not experience any disaster-related stressors. These results provide evidence that individual-and community-level resources and exposure operate in tandem to shape postdisaster resilience.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA804
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 May 2015

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Psychological Resilience
Cyclonic Storms
mental health
Hurricanes
hurricanes
disasters
Disasters
Mental Health
Health
social capital
life events
Depression
community development
sociodemographic characteristics
Telephone
households
interviews
Social Planning
Economic Development
Censuses

Cite this

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title = "Psychological resilience after hurricane sandy: The influence of individual- and community-level factors on mental health after a large-scale natural disaster",
abstract = "Several individual-level factors are known to promote psychological resilience in the aftermath of disasters. Far less is known about the role of community-level factors in shaping postdisaster mental health. The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of both individual- and community-level factors on resilience after Hurricane Sandy. A representative sample of household residents (N = 418) from 293 New York City census tracts that were most heavily affected by the storm completed telephone interviews approximately 13-16 months postdisaster. Multilevel multivariable models explored the independent and interactive contributions of individual- and community-level factors to posttraumatic stress and depression symptoms. At the individual-level, having experienced or witnessed any lifetime traumatic event was significantly associated with higher depression and posttraumatic stress, whereas demographic characteristics (e.g., older age, non-Hispanic Black race) and more disaster-related stressors were significantly associated with higher posttraumatic stress only. At the community-level, living in an area with higher social capital was significantly associated with higher posttraumatic stress. Additionally, higher community economic development was associated with lower risk of depression only among participants who did not experience any disaster-related stressors. These results provide evidence that individual-and community-level resources and exposure operate in tandem to shape postdisaster resilience.",
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Psychological resilience after hurricane sandy : The influence of individual- and community-level factors on mental health after a large-scale natural disaster. / Lowe, Sarah; Sampson, Laura; Gruebner, Oliver; Galea, Sandro.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 10, No. 5, A804, 11.05.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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