Psychosocial variables and obesity-risk-reduction behaviors in Chinese Americans

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to utilize social-psychological theories to explain obesity-risk-reduction behaviors. A questionnaire based on the health belief model and theory of planned behavior was administered to a convenience sample of 300 Chinese Americans in the New York metropolitan area. Psychosocial variables accounted for 40.4% of the variance of obesity-risk-reduction behaviors. Self-efficacy, behavioral intention, and perceived benefits emerged as most influential variables. Forty-eight percent of the variance of behavioral intention was accounted with self-efficacy predominating. Health professionals targeting Chinese Americans need to address self-efficacy, behavioral intention, and perceived benefits of adopting obesity-risk-reduction behaviors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)486-505
Number of pages20
JournalEcology of Food and Nutrition
Volume50
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2011

Keywords

  • Chinese Americans
  • Obesity prevention
  • Psychosocial theories

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