Race, Employment Disadvantages, and Heavy Drinking: A Multilevel Model

Celia C. Lo, Tyrone Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract: We intended to determine (1) whether stress from employment disadvantages led to increased frequency of heavy drinking and (2) whether race had a role in the relationship between such disadvantages and heavy drinking. Study data came from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, a prospective study that has followed a representative sample of youth since 1979. Our study employed data from 11 particular years, during which the survey included items measuring respondents’ heavy drinking. Our final sample numbered 10,171 respondents, which generated 75,394 person-waves for data analysis. Both of our hypotheses were supported by results from multilevel mixed-effects linear regression capturing the time-varying nature of three employment disadvantages and of the heavy-drinking outcome. Results show that more-frequent heavy drinking was associated with employment disadvantages, and that disadvantages’ effects on drinking were stronger for Blacks and Hispanics than for Whites. That worsening employment disadvantages have worse effects on minority groups’ heavy drinking (compared to Whites) probably contributes to the racial health disparities in our nation. Policies and programs addressing such disparities are especially important during economic downturns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-229
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Psychoactive Drugs
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 27 May 2015

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Drinking
Minority Groups
Hispanic Americans
Longitudinal Studies
Linear Models
Economics
Prospective Studies
Health
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • employment disadvantages
  • heavy drinking
  • multilevel model
  • race
  • stress

Cite this

Lo, Celia C. ; Cheng, Tyrone. / Race, Employment Disadvantages, and Heavy Drinking : A Multilevel Model. In: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs. 2015 ; Vol. 47, No. 3. pp. 221-229.
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Race, Employment Disadvantages, and Heavy Drinking : A Multilevel Model. / Lo, Celia C.; Cheng, Tyrone.

In: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, Vol. 47, No. 3, 27.05.2015, p. 221-229.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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