Racial disparity in risk factors for substantiation of child maltreatment

Tyrone Cheng, Celia C. Lo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined racial disparity in impacts that welfare use, substance abuse, depression, and intimate partner violence (IPV) make on substantiation of reported child maltreatment. A sample of 1493 African Americans, 848 Hispanics, and 2144 Whites was employed, extracted from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being. Logistic regression results indicated that each ethnic subsample had a distinct set of significant risk factors for substantiation. For the African American subsample, relatively long periods spent receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) reduced likelihood of substantiation, as did caregivers' alcohol dependence. For the Hispanic subsample, TANF receipt lowered substantiation's likelihood, while caregivers' drug use raised its likelihood. For the White subsample, caregivers' TANF receipt and substance abuse showed no significant impact. No subsample's substantiation likelihood appeared significantly affected by depression or IPV. Implications for services are suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1962-1969
Number of pages8
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
Volume35
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2013

Fingerprint

maltreatment of children
Child Abuse
Caregivers
caregiver
assistance
Child Welfare
Hispanic Americans
African Americans
substance abuse
Substance-Related Disorders
Depression
violence
Alcoholism
drug use
Logistic Models
well-being
welfare
logistics
alcohol
adolescent

Keywords

  • Racial disparity
  • Substance abuse
  • Substantiation
  • Welfare

Cite this

Cheng, Tyrone ; Lo, Celia C. / Racial disparity in risk factors for substantiation of child maltreatment. In: Children and Youth Services Review. 2013 ; Vol. 35, No. 12. pp. 1962-1969.
@article{fc155bbe53b44fd0a9da501fd8e0079a,
title = "Racial disparity in risk factors for substantiation of child maltreatment",
abstract = "This study examined racial disparity in impacts that welfare use, substance abuse, depression, and intimate partner violence (IPV) make on substantiation of reported child maltreatment. A sample of 1493 African Americans, 848 Hispanics, and 2144 Whites was employed, extracted from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being. Logistic regression results indicated that each ethnic subsample had a distinct set of significant risk factors for substantiation. For the African American subsample, relatively long periods spent receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) reduced likelihood of substantiation, as did caregivers' alcohol dependence. For the Hispanic subsample, TANF receipt lowered substantiation's likelihood, while caregivers' drug use raised its likelihood. For the White subsample, caregivers' TANF receipt and substance abuse showed no significant impact. No subsample's substantiation likelihood appeared significantly affected by depression or IPV. Implications for services are suggested.",
keywords = "Racial disparity, Substance abuse, Substantiation, Welfare",
author = "Tyrone Cheng and Lo, {Celia C.}",
year = "2013",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.childyouth.2013.09.016",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "1962--1969",
journal = "Children and Youth Services Review",
issn = "0190-7409",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",
number = "12",

}

Racial disparity in risk factors for substantiation of child maltreatment. / Cheng, Tyrone; Lo, Celia C.

In: Children and Youth Services Review, Vol. 35, No. 12, 01.12.2013, p. 1962-1969.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Racial disparity in risk factors for substantiation of child maltreatment

AU - Cheng, Tyrone

AU - Lo, Celia C.

PY - 2013/12/1

Y1 - 2013/12/1

N2 - This study examined racial disparity in impacts that welfare use, substance abuse, depression, and intimate partner violence (IPV) make on substantiation of reported child maltreatment. A sample of 1493 African Americans, 848 Hispanics, and 2144 Whites was employed, extracted from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being. Logistic regression results indicated that each ethnic subsample had a distinct set of significant risk factors for substantiation. For the African American subsample, relatively long periods spent receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) reduced likelihood of substantiation, as did caregivers' alcohol dependence. For the Hispanic subsample, TANF receipt lowered substantiation's likelihood, while caregivers' drug use raised its likelihood. For the White subsample, caregivers' TANF receipt and substance abuse showed no significant impact. No subsample's substantiation likelihood appeared significantly affected by depression or IPV. Implications for services are suggested.

AB - This study examined racial disparity in impacts that welfare use, substance abuse, depression, and intimate partner violence (IPV) make on substantiation of reported child maltreatment. A sample of 1493 African Americans, 848 Hispanics, and 2144 Whites was employed, extracted from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being. Logistic regression results indicated that each ethnic subsample had a distinct set of significant risk factors for substantiation. For the African American subsample, relatively long periods spent receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) reduced likelihood of substantiation, as did caregivers' alcohol dependence. For the Hispanic subsample, TANF receipt lowered substantiation's likelihood, while caregivers' drug use raised its likelihood. For the White subsample, caregivers' TANF receipt and substance abuse showed no significant impact. No subsample's substantiation likelihood appeared significantly affected by depression or IPV. Implications for services are suggested.

KW - Racial disparity

KW - Substance abuse

KW - Substantiation

KW - Welfare

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84886304994&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.childyouth.2013.09.016

DO - 10.1016/j.childyouth.2013.09.016

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 1962

EP - 1969

JO - Children and Youth Services Review

JF - Children and Youth Services Review

SN - 0190-7409

IS - 12

ER -