Raves, clubs and ecstasy: The impact of peer pressure

Baojun Song, Melissa Castillo-Garsow, Karen R. Ríos-Soto, Marcin Mejran, Leilani Henso, Carlos Castillo-Chavez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ecstasy has gained popularity among young adults who frequent raves and nightclubs. The Drug Enforcement Administration reported a 500 percent increase in the use of ecstasy between 1993 and 1998. The number of ecstasy users kept growing until 2002, years after a national public education initiative against ecstasy use was launched. In this study, a system of differential equations is used to model the peer-driven dynamics of ecstasy use. It is found that backward bifurcations describe situations when sufficient peer pressure can cause an epidemic of ecstasy use. Furthermore, factors that have the greatest influence on ecstasy use as predicted by the model are high-lighted. The effect of education is also explored, and the results of simulations are shown to illustrate some possible outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-266
Number of pages18
JournalMathematical Biosciences and Engineering
Volume3
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2006

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peers
education
Education
Backward Bifurcation
System of Differential Equations
young adults
Percent
Young Adult
Drugs
Differential equations
Sufficient
drugs
Model
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Simulation
Peer Influence
Influence

Keywords

  • Bifurcation
  • Drug abuse
  • Dynamical models
  • Global dynamics
  • Peer pressure

Cite this

Song, B., Castillo-Garsow, M., Ríos-Soto, K. R., Mejran, M., Henso, L., & Castillo-Chavez, C. (2006). Raves, clubs and ecstasy: The impact of peer pressure. Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering, 3(1), 249-266.
Song, Baojun ; Castillo-Garsow, Melissa ; Ríos-Soto, Karen R. ; Mejran, Marcin ; Henso, Leilani ; Castillo-Chavez, Carlos. / Raves, clubs and ecstasy : The impact of peer pressure. In: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering. 2006 ; Vol. 3, No. 1. pp. 249-266.
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Song, B, Castillo-Garsow, M, Ríos-Soto, KR, Mejran, M, Henso, L & Castillo-Chavez, C 2006, 'Raves, clubs and ecstasy: The impact of peer pressure', Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 249-266.

Raves, clubs and ecstasy : The impact of peer pressure. / Song, Baojun; Castillo-Garsow, Melissa; Ríos-Soto, Karen R.; Mejran, Marcin; Henso, Leilani; Castillo-Chavez, Carlos.

In: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 1, 01.01.2006, p. 249-266.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Raves, clubs and ecstasy

T2 - The impact of peer pressure

AU - Song, Baojun

AU - Castillo-Garsow, Melissa

AU - Ríos-Soto, Karen R.

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AU - Henso, Leilani

AU - Castillo-Chavez, Carlos

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AB - Ecstasy has gained popularity among young adults who frequent raves and nightclubs. The Drug Enforcement Administration reported a 500 percent increase in the use of ecstasy between 1993 and 1998. The number of ecstasy users kept growing until 2002, years after a national public education initiative against ecstasy use was launched. In this study, a system of differential equations is used to model the peer-driven dynamics of ecstasy use. It is found that backward bifurcations describe situations when sufficient peer pressure can cause an epidemic of ecstasy use. Furthermore, factors that have the greatest influence on ecstasy use as predicted by the model are high-lighted. The effect of education is also explored, and the results of simulations are shown to illustrate some possible outcomes.

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Song B, Castillo-Garsow M, Ríos-Soto KR, Mejran M, Henso L, Castillo-Chavez C. Raves, clubs and ecstasy: The impact of peer pressure. Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering. 2006 Jan 1;3(1):249-266.