Reconstructing Quaternary Rhine-Meuse dynamics in the southern North Sea: Architecture, seismo-lithofacies associations and malacological biozonation

K. F. Rijsdijk, I. C. Kroon, T. Meijer, Sandra Passchier, T. A.G.P. Van Dijk, F. P.M. Bunnik, A. C. Janse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mapping the Middle to Upper Pleistocene Rhine-Meuse sequence in the southern North Sea based on new core and seismic data has allowed a detailed palaeoenvironmental re-assessment. An integrated seismo-lithostratigraphic and malacological biostratigraphic framework is correlated with the optically stimulated luminescence-dated Rhine-Meuse sequence onshore. The data point to a dynamic interplay of fluvial and marine systems in the southern part of the North Sea driven by longer-term (>100 ka) tectonic and epeirogenic processes and shorter-term (<10 ka) climatic processes. The final permanent breaching of the Cretaceous chalk at the Strait of Dover during the Saalian (Marine Isotope Stage 6, MIS 6) ice age led to the formation of the 'Eurogeul' belt, a gravelly sand belt that represents the largest concentration of gravelly fluvial sediments in the southern North Sea. The formation and preservation of the Rhine-Meuse sequence is related to long-term (>100 ka) uplift of the Wealden-Artois synclinorium and compaction-driven subsidence of Tertiary shales within the Voorne Trough. The dominant erosive sedimentary signatures within the Rhine-Meuse sequence resulted through shorter-term (<10 ka) interplay of Pleistocene transgressions, glaciations and the permanent breaching of the Cretaceous chalk at the Strait of Dover by the Palaeo-Channel river during the Saalian (MIS 6).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)453-466
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Quaternary Science
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2013

Fingerprint

biozonation
lithofacies
Pleistocene
Saalian
luminescence
river channel
chalk
transgression
glaciation
strait
compaction
seismic data
trough
subsidence
uplift
Cretaceous
tectonics
sea
Southern North Sea
Rhine

Keywords

  • Eurogeul
  • Fluvial architecture
  • Gravel
  • Kreftenheye
  • Seismo-lithostratigrapy
  • Straits of Dover

Cite this

Rijsdijk, K. F. ; Kroon, I. C. ; Meijer, T. ; Passchier, Sandra ; Van Dijk, T. A.G.P. ; Bunnik, F. P.M. ; Janse, A. C. / Reconstructing Quaternary Rhine-Meuse dynamics in the southern North Sea : Architecture, seismo-lithofacies associations and malacological biozonation. In: Journal of Quaternary Science. 2013 ; Vol. 28, No. 5. pp. 453-466.
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Reconstructing Quaternary Rhine-Meuse dynamics in the southern North Sea : Architecture, seismo-lithofacies associations and malacological biozonation. / Rijsdijk, K. F.; Kroon, I. C.; Meijer, T.; Passchier, Sandra; Van Dijk, T. A.G.P.; Bunnik, F. P.M.; Janse, A. C.

In: Journal of Quaternary Science, Vol. 28, No. 5, 01.07.2013, p. 453-466.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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