The use of illicit and licit drugs during pregnancy is a major public health concern that has garnered much medical, governmental, and media attention because of the increased health risks it poses for women and their newborns. To date, however, few studies have examined the antecedents contributing to substance use among pregnant women. In this paper, we examine the prevalence of alcohol, cigarette, and illicit drug use among a recent sample of pregnant women and report on the factors that place these women at risk for engaging in the use of these substances. We conclude by making recommendations to improve existing policy and programming efforts that address the specific needs of pregnant substance-using women.
- Risk and protective factors
- Substance abuse