School climate and adolescent drug use: Mediating effects of violence victimization in the urban high school context

Robert J. Reid, N. Andrew Peterson, Joseph Hughey, Pauline Garcia-Reid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study tested the mediating effects of violence victimization in the relationship between school climate and adolescent drug use. The hypothesized path model fit data collected from a probability sample of urban high school students (N=586) participating in an evaluation of a violence prevention program funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Findings indicated that the lack of enforcement of school rules and the presence of unsafe places in and around the school influenced adolescent drug use directly and indirectly through their effects on violence victimization. Editors' Strategic Implications: This research confirms the importance of the environment as a contributor to violence victimization. Violence victimization is obviously of concern in its own right, but in addition, these data indicate that it also contributes to adolescent drug use. School administrators should be aware that unsafe places in schools and the failure to enforce school rules may affect such victimization and drug use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-292
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Primary Prevention
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2006

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Drug use
  • School violence
  • Victimization
  • Violence prevention

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