Sedimentary processes and facies on a high-latitude passive continental margin, Wilkes Land, East Antarctica

Sandra Passchier, Daniel J. Ciarletta, Victor Henao, Vicky Sekkas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The impact of high-latitude physical processes on the sedimentary geology of a passive continental margin is addressed using a sediment record from the Wilkes Land margin of Antarctica. We present sequence stratigraphic models based on analytical data and genetic interpretations of sedimentary facies assemblages observed in drill cores collected by the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program. The examination of drill cores within a previously published seismostratigraphic context enhances the resolution of the sequence stratigraphic interpretations. Weaker tidal forcing, a stronger Coriolis effect and more pronounced seasonality are some of the physical processes that affect erosion and sedimentation at high latitudes, even if ice sheets are absent. In addition, the presence of an ice sheet affects erosion rates, crustal motion, and atmospheric and ocean circulation, with major implications for the development of depositional systems. As a result, high-latitude, ice-covered, passive margins show distinct sedimentary facies associations and their interpretation requires the application of a different suite of sequence stratigraphic models from those applied to low-latitude continental margins.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGeological Society Special Publication
PublisherGeological Society of London
Pages181-201
Number of pages21
Edition1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019

Publication series

NameGeological Society Special Publication
Number1
Volume475
ISSN (Print)0305-8719

Fingerprint

Ice
continental margin
Erosion
ice sheet
sheet erosion
Geology
Sedimentation
Coriolis force
Drilling
Sediments
passive margin
erosion rate
Ocean Drilling Program
atmospheric circulation
seasonality
geology
sedimentation
erosion
ice
Antarctica

Cite this

Passchier, S., Ciarletta, D. J., Henao, V., & Sekkas, V. (2019). Sedimentary processes and facies on a high-latitude passive continental margin, Wilkes Land, East Antarctica. In Geological Society Special Publication (1 ed., pp. 181-201). (Geological Society Special Publication; Vol. 475, No. 1). Geological Society of London. https://doi.org/10.1144/SP475.3
Passchier, Sandra ; Ciarletta, Daniel J. ; Henao, Victor ; Sekkas, Vicky. / Sedimentary processes and facies on a high-latitude passive continental margin, Wilkes Land, East Antarctica. Geological Society Special Publication. 1. ed. Geological Society of London, 2019. pp. 181-201 (Geological Society Special Publication; 1).
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Passchier, S, Ciarletta, DJ, Henao, V & Sekkas, V 2019, Sedimentary processes and facies on a high-latitude passive continental margin, Wilkes Land, East Antarctica. in Geological Society Special Publication. 1 edn, Geological Society Special Publication, no. 1, vol. 475, Geological Society of London, pp. 181-201. https://doi.org/10.1144/SP475.3

Sedimentary processes and facies on a high-latitude passive continental margin, Wilkes Land, East Antarctica. / Passchier, Sandra; Ciarletta, Daniel J.; Henao, Victor; Sekkas, Vicky.

Geological Society Special Publication. 1. ed. Geological Society of London, 2019. p. 181-201 (Geological Society Special Publication; Vol. 475, No. 1).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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AB - The impact of high-latitude physical processes on the sedimentary geology of a passive continental margin is addressed using a sediment record from the Wilkes Land margin of Antarctica. We present sequence stratigraphic models based on analytical data and genetic interpretations of sedimentary facies assemblages observed in drill cores collected by the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program. The examination of drill cores within a previously published seismostratigraphic context enhances the resolution of the sequence stratigraphic interpretations. Weaker tidal forcing, a stronger Coriolis effect and more pronounced seasonality are some of the physical processes that affect erosion and sedimentation at high latitudes, even if ice sheets are absent. In addition, the presence of an ice sheet affects erosion rates, crustal motion, and atmospheric and ocean circulation, with major implications for the development of depositional systems. As a result, high-latitude, ice-covered, passive margins show distinct sedimentary facies associations and their interpretation requires the application of a different suite of sequence stratigraphic models from those applied to low-latitude continental margins.

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Passchier S, Ciarletta DJ, Henao V, Sekkas V. Sedimentary processes and facies on a high-latitude passive continental margin, Wilkes Land, East Antarctica. In Geological Society Special Publication. 1 ed. Geological Society of London. 2019. p. 181-201. (Geological Society Special Publication; 1). https://doi.org/10.1144/SP475.3