Self-stigma and its associations with stress, physical health, and health care satisfaction in adults who stutter

Michael Boyle, Alison N. Fearon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify potential relationships between self-stigma (stigma awareness and stigma application) and stress, physical health, and health care satisfaction among a large sample of adults who stutter. It was hypothesized that both stigma awareness and stigma application would be inversely related to measures of physical health and health care satisfaction, and positively related to stress. Furthermore, it was anticipated that stress mediated the relationship between self-stigma and physical health. Method: A sample of adults who stutter in the United States (n = 397) completed a web survey that assessed levels of stigma awareness and stigma application, stress, physical health, and health care satisfaction. Correlational analyses were conducted to determine the relationships between these variables. Results: Higher levels of stigma awareness and stigma application were associated with increased stress, decreased overall physical health, and decreased health care satisfaction (i.e., discomfort obtaining health care due to stuttering, and adverse health care outcomes due to stuttering), and these relationships were statistically significant. Stress was identified as a mediator between stigma application and physical health. Conclusion: Because adults who stutter with higher levels of self-stigma are at risk for decreased physical health through increased stress, and lower satisfaction with their health care experiences as a result of stuttering, it is important for professionals to assess and manage self-stigma in clients who stutter. Self-stigma has implications for not only psychological well-being, but stress, physical health, and health care satisfaction as well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-121
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Fluency Disorders
Volume56
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2018

Fingerprint

physical stress
health care
Delivery of Health Care
Health
health
Stuttering
Stigma
Stutter
Physical Health
Healthcare
Psychology

Keywords

  • Health care satisfaction
  • Physical health
  • Self-stigma
  • Stress
  • Stuttering

Cite this

@article{322424f78416438d9787e0dd2b78d652,
title = "Self-stigma and its associations with stress, physical health, and health care satisfaction in adults who stutter",
abstract = "Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify potential relationships between self-stigma (stigma awareness and stigma application) and stress, physical health, and health care satisfaction among a large sample of adults who stutter. It was hypothesized that both stigma awareness and stigma application would be inversely related to measures of physical health and health care satisfaction, and positively related to stress. Furthermore, it was anticipated that stress mediated the relationship between self-stigma and physical health. Method: A sample of adults who stutter in the United States (n = 397) completed a web survey that assessed levels of stigma awareness and stigma application, stress, physical health, and health care satisfaction. Correlational analyses were conducted to determine the relationships between these variables. Results: Higher levels of stigma awareness and stigma application were associated with increased stress, decreased overall physical health, and decreased health care satisfaction (i.e., discomfort obtaining health care due to stuttering, and adverse health care outcomes due to stuttering), and these relationships were statistically significant. Stress was identified as a mediator between stigma application and physical health. Conclusion: Because adults who stutter with higher levels of self-stigma are at risk for decreased physical health through increased stress, and lower satisfaction with their health care experiences as a result of stuttering, it is important for professionals to assess and manage self-stigma in clients who stutter. Self-stigma has implications for not only psychological well-being, but stress, physical health, and health care satisfaction as well.",
keywords = "Health care satisfaction, Physical health, Self-stigma, Stress, Stuttering",
author = "Michael Boyle and Fearon, {Alison N.}",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jfludis.2017.10.002",
language = "English",
volume = "56",
pages = "112--121",
journal = "Journal of Fluency Disorders",
issn = "0094-730X",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",

}

Self-stigma and its associations with stress, physical health, and health care satisfaction in adults who stutter. / Boyle, Michael; Fearon, Alison N.

In: Journal of Fluency Disorders, Vol. 56, 01.06.2018, p. 112-121.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Self-stigma and its associations with stress, physical health, and health care satisfaction in adults who stutter

AU - Boyle, Michael

AU - Fearon, Alison N.

PY - 2018/6/1

Y1 - 2018/6/1

N2 - Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify potential relationships between self-stigma (stigma awareness and stigma application) and stress, physical health, and health care satisfaction among a large sample of adults who stutter. It was hypothesized that both stigma awareness and stigma application would be inversely related to measures of physical health and health care satisfaction, and positively related to stress. Furthermore, it was anticipated that stress mediated the relationship between self-stigma and physical health. Method: A sample of adults who stutter in the United States (n = 397) completed a web survey that assessed levels of stigma awareness and stigma application, stress, physical health, and health care satisfaction. Correlational analyses were conducted to determine the relationships between these variables. Results: Higher levels of stigma awareness and stigma application were associated with increased stress, decreased overall physical health, and decreased health care satisfaction (i.e., discomfort obtaining health care due to stuttering, and adverse health care outcomes due to stuttering), and these relationships were statistically significant. Stress was identified as a mediator between stigma application and physical health. Conclusion: Because adults who stutter with higher levels of self-stigma are at risk for decreased physical health through increased stress, and lower satisfaction with their health care experiences as a result of stuttering, it is important for professionals to assess and manage self-stigma in clients who stutter. Self-stigma has implications for not only psychological well-being, but stress, physical health, and health care satisfaction as well.

AB - Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify potential relationships between self-stigma (stigma awareness and stigma application) and stress, physical health, and health care satisfaction among a large sample of adults who stutter. It was hypothesized that both stigma awareness and stigma application would be inversely related to measures of physical health and health care satisfaction, and positively related to stress. Furthermore, it was anticipated that stress mediated the relationship between self-stigma and physical health. Method: A sample of adults who stutter in the United States (n = 397) completed a web survey that assessed levels of stigma awareness and stigma application, stress, physical health, and health care satisfaction. Correlational analyses were conducted to determine the relationships between these variables. Results: Higher levels of stigma awareness and stigma application were associated with increased stress, decreased overall physical health, and decreased health care satisfaction (i.e., discomfort obtaining health care due to stuttering, and adverse health care outcomes due to stuttering), and these relationships were statistically significant. Stress was identified as a mediator between stigma application and physical health. Conclusion: Because adults who stutter with higher levels of self-stigma are at risk for decreased physical health through increased stress, and lower satisfaction with their health care experiences as a result of stuttering, it is important for professionals to assess and manage self-stigma in clients who stutter. Self-stigma has implications for not only psychological well-being, but stress, physical health, and health care satisfaction as well.

KW - Health care satisfaction

KW - Physical health

KW - Self-stigma

KW - Stress

KW - Stuttering

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85032181340&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jfludis.2017.10.002

DO - 10.1016/j.jfludis.2017.10.002

M3 - Article

VL - 56

SP - 112

EP - 121

JO - Journal of Fluency Disorders

JF - Journal of Fluency Disorders

SN - 0094-730X

ER -