Soil and freshwater and marine sediment food webs

Their structure and function

Jennifer Krumins, D. Van Oevelen, T. Martijn Bezemer, Gerlinde B. De Deyn, W. H. Gera Hol, Ellen Van Donk, Wietse De Boer, Peter C. De Ruiter, Jack J. Middelburg, Fernando Monroy, Karline Soetaert, Elisa Thébault, Johan Van De Koppel, Johannes A. Van Veen, Maria Viketoft, Wim H. Van Der Putten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The food webs of terrestrial soils and of freshwater and marine sediments depend on adjacent aboveground or pelagic ecosystems for organic matter input that provides nutrients and energy. There are important similarities in the flow of organic matter through these food webs and how this flow feeds back to primary production. In both soils and sediments, trophic interactions occur in a cycle in which consumers stimulate nutrient cycling such that mineralized resources are made available to the primary producers. However, aquatic sediments and terrestrial soils differ greatly in the connectivity between the production and the consumption of organic matter. Terrestrial soils and shallow aquatic sediments can receive organic matter within hours of photosynthesis when roots leak carbon, whereas deep oceanic sediments receive organic matter possibly months after carbon assimilation by phytoplankton. This comparison has implications for the capacity of soils and sediments to affect the global carbon balance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-42
Number of pages8
JournalBioScience
Volume63
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2013

Fingerprint

Geologic Sediments
Food Chain
marine sediments
Fresh Water
food webs
Soil
organic matter
sediments
Carbon
soil
soil food webs
Phytoplankton
Food
carbon
Photosynthesis
biogeochemical cycles
Ecosystem
primary productivity
phytoplankton
photosynthesis

Keywords

  • food web and trophic control
  • organic matter
  • sediment
  • soil
  • stoichiometry

Cite this

Krumins, J., Van Oevelen, D., Martijn Bezemer, T., De Deyn, G. B., Gera Hol, W. H., Van Donk, E., ... Van Der Putten, W. H. (2013). Soil and freshwater and marine sediment food webs: Their structure and function. BioScience, 63(1), 35-42. https://doi.org/10.1525/bio.2013.63.1.8
Krumins, Jennifer ; Van Oevelen, D. ; Martijn Bezemer, T. ; De Deyn, Gerlinde B. ; Gera Hol, W. H. ; Van Donk, Ellen ; De Boer, Wietse ; De Ruiter, Peter C. ; Middelburg, Jack J. ; Monroy, Fernando ; Soetaert, Karline ; Thébault, Elisa ; Van De Koppel, Johan ; Van Veen, Johannes A. ; Viketoft, Maria ; Van Der Putten, Wim H. / Soil and freshwater and marine sediment food webs : Their structure and function. In: BioScience. 2013 ; Vol. 63, No. 1. pp. 35-42.
@article{e55d6e6dc0e24f5d9a96e62c6d57e540,
title = "Soil and freshwater and marine sediment food webs: Their structure and function",
abstract = "The food webs of terrestrial soils and of freshwater and marine sediments depend on adjacent aboveground or pelagic ecosystems for organic matter input that provides nutrients and energy. There are important similarities in the flow of organic matter through these food webs and how this flow feeds back to primary production. In both soils and sediments, trophic interactions occur in a cycle in which consumers stimulate nutrient cycling such that mineralized resources are made available to the primary producers. However, aquatic sediments and terrestrial soils differ greatly in the connectivity between the production and the consumption of organic matter. Terrestrial soils and shallow aquatic sediments can receive organic matter within hours of photosynthesis when roots leak carbon, whereas deep oceanic sediments receive organic matter possibly months after carbon assimilation by phytoplankton. This comparison has implications for the capacity of soils and sediments to affect the global carbon balance.",
keywords = "food web and trophic control, organic matter, sediment, soil, stoichiometry",
author = "Jennifer Krumins and {Van Oevelen}, D. and {Martijn Bezemer}, T. and {De Deyn}, {Gerlinde B.} and {Gera Hol}, {W. H.} and {Van Donk}, Ellen and {De Boer}, Wietse and {De Ruiter}, {Peter C.} and Middelburg, {Jack J.} and Fernando Monroy and Karline Soetaert and Elisa Th{\'e}bault and {Van De Koppel}, Johan and {Van Veen}, {Johannes A.} and Maria Viketoft and {Van Der Putten}, {Wim H.}",
year = "2013",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1525/bio.2013.63.1.8",
language = "English",
volume = "63",
pages = "35--42",
journal = "BioScience",
issn = "0006-3568",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "1",

}

Krumins, J, Van Oevelen, D, Martijn Bezemer, T, De Deyn, GB, Gera Hol, WH, Van Donk, E, De Boer, W, De Ruiter, PC, Middelburg, JJ, Monroy, F, Soetaert, K, Thébault, E, Van De Koppel, J, Van Veen, JA, Viketoft, M & Van Der Putten, WH 2013, 'Soil and freshwater and marine sediment food webs: Their structure and function', BioScience, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 35-42. https://doi.org/10.1525/bio.2013.63.1.8

Soil and freshwater and marine sediment food webs : Their structure and function. / Krumins, Jennifer; Van Oevelen, D.; Martijn Bezemer, T.; De Deyn, Gerlinde B.; Gera Hol, W. H.; Van Donk, Ellen; De Boer, Wietse; De Ruiter, Peter C.; Middelburg, Jack J.; Monroy, Fernando; Soetaert, Karline; Thébault, Elisa; Van De Koppel, Johan; Van Veen, Johannes A.; Viketoft, Maria; Van Der Putten, Wim H.

In: BioScience, Vol. 63, No. 1, 01.01.2013, p. 35-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Soil and freshwater and marine sediment food webs

T2 - Their structure and function

AU - Krumins, Jennifer

AU - Van Oevelen, D.

AU - Martijn Bezemer, T.

AU - De Deyn, Gerlinde B.

AU - Gera Hol, W. H.

AU - Van Donk, Ellen

AU - De Boer, Wietse

AU - De Ruiter, Peter C.

AU - Middelburg, Jack J.

AU - Monroy, Fernando

AU - Soetaert, Karline

AU - Thébault, Elisa

AU - Van De Koppel, Johan

AU - Van Veen, Johannes A.

AU - Viketoft, Maria

AU - Van Der Putten, Wim H.

PY - 2013/1/1

Y1 - 2013/1/1

N2 - The food webs of terrestrial soils and of freshwater and marine sediments depend on adjacent aboveground or pelagic ecosystems for organic matter input that provides nutrients and energy. There are important similarities in the flow of organic matter through these food webs and how this flow feeds back to primary production. In both soils and sediments, trophic interactions occur in a cycle in which consumers stimulate nutrient cycling such that mineralized resources are made available to the primary producers. However, aquatic sediments and terrestrial soils differ greatly in the connectivity between the production and the consumption of organic matter. Terrestrial soils and shallow aquatic sediments can receive organic matter within hours of photosynthesis when roots leak carbon, whereas deep oceanic sediments receive organic matter possibly months after carbon assimilation by phytoplankton. This comparison has implications for the capacity of soils and sediments to affect the global carbon balance.

AB - The food webs of terrestrial soils and of freshwater and marine sediments depend on adjacent aboveground or pelagic ecosystems for organic matter input that provides nutrients and energy. There are important similarities in the flow of organic matter through these food webs and how this flow feeds back to primary production. In both soils and sediments, trophic interactions occur in a cycle in which consumers stimulate nutrient cycling such that mineralized resources are made available to the primary producers. However, aquatic sediments and terrestrial soils differ greatly in the connectivity between the production and the consumption of organic matter. Terrestrial soils and shallow aquatic sediments can receive organic matter within hours of photosynthesis when roots leak carbon, whereas deep oceanic sediments receive organic matter possibly months after carbon assimilation by phytoplankton. This comparison has implications for the capacity of soils and sediments to affect the global carbon balance.

KW - food web and trophic control

KW - organic matter

KW - sediment

KW - soil

KW - stoichiometry

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84872848865&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1525/bio.2013.63.1.8

DO - 10.1525/bio.2013.63.1.8

M3 - Article

VL - 63

SP - 35

EP - 42

JO - BioScience

JF - BioScience

SN - 0006-3568

IS - 1

ER -

Krumins J, Van Oevelen D, Martijn Bezemer T, De Deyn GB, Gera Hol WH, Van Donk E et al. Soil and freshwater and marine sediment food webs: Their structure and function. BioScience. 2013 Jan 1;63(1):35-42. https://doi.org/10.1525/bio.2013.63.1.8