Suprathreshold compound action potential amplitude as a measure of auditory function in cochlear implant users

Rachel Scheperle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Electrically evoked compound action potential (eCAP) amplitudes elicited at suprathreshold levels were assessed as a measure of the effectiveness of cochlear implant (CI) stimulation. Twenty-one individuals participated; one was excluded due to facial stimulation during eCAP testing. For each participant, eCAPs were elicited with stimulation from seven electrodes near the upper limit of the individual's electrical dynamic range. A reduced-channel CI program was created using those same seven electrodes, and participants performed a vowel discrimination task. Consistent with previous reports, eCAP amplitudes varied across tested electrodes; the profiles were unique to each individual. In 6 subjects (30%), eCAP amplitude variability was partially explained by the impedance of the recording electrode. The remaining amplitude variability within subjects, and the variability observed across subjects could not be explained by recording electrode impedance. This implies that other underlying factors, such as variations in neural status across the array, are responsible. Across-site mean eCAP amplitude was significantly correlated with vowel discrimination scores (r2 = 0.56). A single eCAP amplitude measured from the middle of the array was also significantly correlated with vowel discrimination, but the correlation was weaker (r2 = 0.37), though not statistically different from the across-site mean. Normalizing each eCAP amplitude by its associated recording electrode impedance did not improve the correlation with vowel discrimination (r2 = 0.52). Further work is needed to assess whether combining eCAP amplitude with other measures of the electrode-neural interface and/or with more central measures of auditory function provides a more complete picture of auditory function in CI recipients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-28
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Otology
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Cochlear implant
  • Compound action potential
  • Suprathreshold amplitude

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