Synergetic effect of VOx and TeOx species in mesoporous SiO2 on selective oxidation of propane to acrolein

Lei Shi, Xue Quan Zhu, Yuan Su, Wei Zheng Weng, Huan Feng, Xiao Dong Yi, Zhen Xian Liu, Hui Lin Wan

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16 Scopus citations


A mesoporous silica with incorporated vanadium (V) and tellurium (Te) (3%VTezOx-MS; z = 0-0.33), synthesized by an evaporation-induced self-assembly route, was used as a model catalyst to investigate the synergetic effect of VOx and TeOx species on propane oxidation to acrolein. It was found that V in the catalyst was predominantly present as a highly dispersed VO4 species, while Te existed as a highly dispersed TeOx species when the Te/V atomic ratio was below 0.2. Acrolein formation rate was positively correlated with TeO x content when both VOx and TeOx in the catalysts were in a highly dispersed state. Study of the propane oxidation pathways further indicated that highly dispersed VO4 in close contact with highly dispersed TeOx constituted the active sites for direct oxidation of propane to acrolein. These binary sites satisfied all the required functions for the reactions, including consecutive sequence of activation of propane and propylene intermediate followed by inserting oxygen into the as-formed allylic species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-326
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Catalysis
StatePublished - 2013


  • Acrolein
  • Active site
  • Mesoporous silica
  • Selective propane oxidation
  • Synergetic effect
  • Tellurium
  • Vanadium


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