Tailoring Messages to Individual Differences in Monitoring-Blunting Styles to Increase Fruit and Vegetable Intake

Pamela Williams-Piehota, Amy E. Latimer, Nicole A. Katulak, Ashley Cox, Stephanie Silvera, Linda Mowad, Peter Salovey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To examine whether messages matched to individuals' monitoring-blunting coping styles (MBCS) are more effective in increasing fruit and vegetable intake than mismatched messages. MBCS refers to the tendency to either attend to and amplify, or distract oneself from and minimize threatening information. Design/Setting: Randomly assigned messages were tailored to resonate with either monitors or blunters and delivered at baseline, 1 week, 2 months, and 3 months later. Surveys were conducted at baseline and 2 and 4 months later. Participants: 531 callers to a cancer information hotline who did not meet the 5 A Day guideline. Intervention: A brief telephone-delivered message and 3 mailings of booklets and promotional items encouraging fruit and vegetable intake, tailored for either monitors or blunters. Main Outcome Measure: Fruit and vegetable intake 2 and 4 months post-baseline. Analysis: Hierarchical regression modeling. Results: Messages matched to MBCS were more effective than mismatched messages, particularly for the monitor message, in increasing intake at 2 months but not at 4 months. Conclusions and Implications: These minimal interventions influenced fruit and vegetable intake. MBCS may be a promising target for developing tailored messages aimed at increasing intake, although additional research is needed to verify the robustness of these findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)398-405
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Volume41
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2009

Fingerprint

Individuality
Vegetables
Fruit
Hotlines
Pamphlets
Health Promotion
Telephone
Regression Analysis
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Guidelines
Research
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • coping styles
  • monitor
  • nutrition education
  • persuasive communication
  • tailoring

Cite this

Williams-Piehota, Pamela ; Latimer, Amy E. ; Katulak, Nicole A. ; Cox, Ashley ; Silvera, Stephanie ; Mowad, Linda ; Salovey, Peter. / Tailoring Messages to Individual Differences in Monitoring-Blunting Styles to Increase Fruit and Vegetable Intake. In: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. 2009 ; Vol. 41, No. 6. pp. 398-405.
@article{fe41ad6fc7ef45bb96147dce78895cdd,
title = "Tailoring Messages to Individual Differences in Monitoring-Blunting Styles to Increase Fruit and Vegetable Intake",
abstract = "Objective: To examine whether messages matched to individuals' monitoring-blunting coping styles (MBCS) are more effective in increasing fruit and vegetable intake than mismatched messages. MBCS refers to the tendency to either attend to and amplify, or distract oneself from and minimize threatening information. Design/Setting: Randomly assigned messages were tailored to resonate with either monitors or blunters and delivered at baseline, 1 week, 2 months, and 3 months later. Surveys were conducted at baseline and 2 and 4 months later. Participants: 531 callers to a cancer information hotline who did not meet the 5 A Day guideline. Intervention: A brief telephone-delivered message and 3 mailings of booklets and promotional items encouraging fruit and vegetable intake, tailored for either monitors or blunters. Main Outcome Measure: Fruit and vegetable intake 2 and 4 months post-baseline. Analysis: Hierarchical regression modeling. Results: Messages matched to MBCS were more effective than mismatched messages, particularly for the monitor message, in increasing intake at 2 months but not at 4 months. Conclusions and Implications: These minimal interventions influenced fruit and vegetable intake. MBCS may be a promising target for developing tailored messages aimed at increasing intake, although additional research is needed to verify the robustness of these findings.",
keywords = "coping styles, monitor, nutrition education, persuasive communication, tailoring",
author = "Pamela Williams-Piehota and Latimer, {Amy E.} and Katulak, {Nicole A.} and Ashley Cox and Stephanie Silvera and Linda Mowad and Peter Salovey",
year = "2009",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jneb.2008.06.006",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "398--405",
journal = "Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior",
issn = "1499-4046",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "6",

}

Tailoring Messages to Individual Differences in Monitoring-Blunting Styles to Increase Fruit and Vegetable Intake. / Williams-Piehota, Pamela; Latimer, Amy E.; Katulak, Nicole A.; Cox, Ashley; Silvera, Stephanie; Mowad, Linda; Salovey, Peter.

In: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, Vol. 41, No. 6, 01.11.2009, p. 398-405.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tailoring Messages to Individual Differences in Monitoring-Blunting Styles to Increase Fruit and Vegetable Intake

AU - Williams-Piehota, Pamela

AU - Latimer, Amy E.

AU - Katulak, Nicole A.

AU - Cox, Ashley

AU - Silvera, Stephanie

AU - Mowad, Linda

AU - Salovey, Peter

PY - 2009/11/1

Y1 - 2009/11/1

N2 - Objective: To examine whether messages matched to individuals' monitoring-blunting coping styles (MBCS) are more effective in increasing fruit and vegetable intake than mismatched messages. MBCS refers to the tendency to either attend to and amplify, or distract oneself from and minimize threatening information. Design/Setting: Randomly assigned messages were tailored to resonate with either monitors or blunters and delivered at baseline, 1 week, 2 months, and 3 months later. Surveys were conducted at baseline and 2 and 4 months later. Participants: 531 callers to a cancer information hotline who did not meet the 5 A Day guideline. Intervention: A brief telephone-delivered message and 3 mailings of booklets and promotional items encouraging fruit and vegetable intake, tailored for either monitors or blunters. Main Outcome Measure: Fruit and vegetable intake 2 and 4 months post-baseline. Analysis: Hierarchical regression modeling. Results: Messages matched to MBCS were more effective than mismatched messages, particularly for the monitor message, in increasing intake at 2 months but not at 4 months. Conclusions and Implications: These minimal interventions influenced fruit and vegetable intake. MBCS may be a promising target for developing tailored messages aimed at increasing intake, although additional research is needed to verify the robustness of these findings.

AB - Objective: To examine whether messages matched to individuals' monitoring-blunting coping styles (MBCS) are more effective in increasing fruit and vegetable intake than mismatched messages. MBCS refers to the tendency to either attend to and amplify, or distract oneself from and minimize threatening information. Design/Setting: Randomly assigned messages were tailored to resonate with either monitors or blunters and delivered at baseline, 1 week, 2 months, and 3 months later. Surveys were conducted at baseline and 2 and 4 months later. Participants: 531 callers to a cancer information hotline who did not meet the 5 A Day guideline. Intervention: A brief telephone-delivered message and 3 mailings of booklets and promotional items encouraging fruit and vegetable intake, tailored for either monitors or blunters. Main Outcome Measure: Fruit and vegetable intake 2 and 4 months post-baseline. Analysis: Hierarchical regression modeling. Results: Messages matched to MBCS were more effective than mismatched messages, particularly for the monitor message, in increasing intake at 2 months but not at 4 months. Conclusions and Implications: These minimal interventions influenced fruit and vegetable intake. MBCS may be a promising target for developing tailored messages aimed at increasing intake, although additional research is needed to verify the robustness of these findings.

KW - coping styles

KW - monitor

KW - nutrition education

KW - persuasive communication

KW - tailoring

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70350515234&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jneb.2008.06.006

DO - 10.1016/j.jneb.2008.06.006

M3 - Article

VL - 41

SP - 398

EP - 405

JO - Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior

JF - Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior

SN - 1499-4046

IS - 6

ER -