This chapter discusses in detail the developmental strategies and basic principles for China’s New Urbanization. After comparison with the traditional urbanization, which emphasizes much on the superficial “number’s game,” we contend that the New Urbanization stresses more on the quality of urbanization. Hence the fundamental strategy for New Urbanization focuses on urbanization quality. Specifically, New Urbanization will be “people-oriented” urbanization, healthy urbanization, gradual urbanization, and high-quality urbanization. Eight strategic paths, namely the high efficiency, low carbon, ecologic effectiveness, environmental protection, resource saving, creative, intelligent and safe paths, are proposed as the fundamental principles for China’s New Urbanization. Each path is detailed.