The dimensionality of counterproductivity

Are all counterproductive behaviors created equal?

Paul E. Spector, Suzy Fox, Lisa M. Penney, Kari Bruursema, Angeline Goh, Stacey Kessler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

378 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Most studies of counterproductive work behavior (CWB) assess it as one or two overall dimensions that might obscure relationships of potential antecedents with more specific forms of behavior. A finer-grained analysis of the relationship between counterproductive work behavior and antecedents was conducted with the five-subscales (abuse toward others, production deviance, sabotage, theft, and withdrawal) taken from the 45-item Counterproductive Work Behavior Checklist, a measure that has been used in a number of prior studies. Described is the rationale for each of the five dimensions, which have been discussed individually in the literature. Data from three combined studies provide evidence for differential relationships with potential antecedents that suggest the use of more specific subscales to assess CWB. Most notably, abuse and sabotage were most strongly related to anger and stress, theft was unrelated to emotion, and withdrawal was associated with boredom and being upset. Finally, the distinct forms of CWB may suggest distinct underlying dynamics, that vary in their balance of hostile and instrumental motivational systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)446-460
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
Volume68
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2006

Fingerprint

sabotage
Theft
larceny
withdrawal
abuse
Boredom
boredom
Anger
deviant behavior
Checklist
anger
Dimensionality
Counterproductive work behavior
Emotions
emotion
evidence
Sabotage
Abuse
Check list
Emotion

Keywords

  • Aggression
  • Counterproductive work behavior
  • Emotion
  • Job satisfaction
  • Sabotage
  • Theft
  • Withdrawal

Cite this

Spector, Paul E. ; Fox, Suzy ; Penney, Lisa M. ; Bruursema, Kari ; Goh, Angeline ; Kessler, Stacey. / The dimensionality of counterproductivity : Are all counterproductive behaviors created equal?. In: Journal of Vocational Behavior. 2006 ; Vol. 68, No. 3. pp. 446-460.
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The dimensionality of counterproductivity : Are all counterproductive behaviors created equal? / Spector, Paul E.; Fox, Suzy; Penney, Lisa M.; Bruursema, Kari; Goh, Angeline; Kessler, Stacey.

In: Journal of Vocational Behavior, Vol. 68, No. 3, 01.06.2006, p. 446-460.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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