The impact of fees on visitation of national parks

Zvi Schwartz, Li Chun Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


This study assesses the impact of the change in revenue management policy (namely the increased public land recreation fees) on the number of domestic and international travelers that visit the large, mostly well-known US National Park System sites. Baseline, multivariate demand models were developed based on secondary data from 10 years prior to the fee policy change, and were used to predict demand in years following the fee change. The predictions of the baseline demand models were then compared to the sites' actual visitation. The differences between the actual and the predicted visitation are statistically significant, indicating that the change in the federal agencies' revenue management policy might have had an adverse effect on the visitation of the largest US national sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1386-1396
Number of pages11
JournalTourism Management
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2006


  • Demand
  • Parks visitation
  • Recreation fee
  • Revenue management
  • Tourists' attractions


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