The impact of welfare reforms, health, and insurance status on welfare recipients' health care access

Tyrone Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study explores ways in which welfare reforms have affected utilization of four health services (physician visits, hospital care, prescription medication, and dentist visits) and the impact of health insurance on these services. A secondary data analysis of a nationally representative sample of 1,259 non-elderly adult current and former welfare recipients shows that use of health services is significantly affected by state-specific welfare policy, health insurance, and race/ethnicity, when other variables are controlled. More restrictive state welfare policies were variously associated with lower likelihood of using dental care, visiting a physician and using prescriptions. Non-Hispanic whites in the sample were more likely than members of other racial/ethnic groups to use prescriptions; Hispanics were less likely than non-Hispanic whites to visit physicians or dentists. The proportion of respondents reporting fair or poor health was three times as great as the estimated proportion of non-elderly adults reporting fair or poor health in the general population. Policy implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)588-599
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2005

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Insurance Coverage
Health Insurance
Health Status
Prescriptions
Dentists
Delivery of Health Care
Physicians
Health Services
Dental Care
Health
Hispanic Americans
Ethnic Groups
Population

Keywords

  • Health care access
  • Welfare recipients
  • Welfare reforms

Cite this

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The impact of welfare reforms, health, and insurance status on welfare recipients' health care access. / Cheng, Tyrone.

In: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, Vol. 16, No. 3, 01.08.2005, p. 588-599.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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