The increasing impact of socioeconomics and race on standardized academic test scores across elementary, middle, and high school

Gwyne W. White, Cesalie T. Stepney, Danielle Ryan Hatchimonji, Dominic C. Moceri, Arielle V. Linsky, Jazmin Reyes-Portillo, Maurice J. Elias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For students and schools, the current policy is to measure success via standardized testing. Yet the immutable factors of socioeconomic status (SES) and race have, consistently, been implicated in fostering an achievement gap. The current study explores, at the school-level, the impact of these factors on test scores. Percentage of students proficient for Language and Math was analyzed from 452 schools across the state of New Jersey. By high school, 52% of the variance in Language and 59% in Math test scores can be accounted for by SES and racial factors. At this level, a 1% increase in school minority population corresponds to a 0.19 decrease in percent Language proficient and 0.33 decrease for Math. These results have significant implications as they suggest that school-level interventions to improve academic achievement scores will bestymied by socioeconomic and racial factors and efforts to improve the achievement gap via testing have largely measured it.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-23
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Volume86
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2016

Fingerprint

Language
Social Class
Students
Foster Home Care
Elementary School
High School
Test Scores
Middle School
Population
Achievement Gap
Socioeconomic Status
Academic Achievement
Testing
Minorities
Standardized Testing
New Jersey

Keywords

  • Academic achievement
  • Equal education
  • Race
  • Socioeconomic status

Cite this

White, Gwyne W. ; Stepney, Cesalie T. ; Hatchimonji, Danielle Ryan ; Moceri, Dominic C. ; Linsky, Arielle V. ; Reyes-Portillo, Jazmin ; Elias, Maurice J. / The increasing impact of socioeconomics and race on standardized academic test scores across elementary, middle, and high school. In: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 2016 ; Vol. 86, No. 1. pp. 10-23.
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The increasing impact of socioeconomics and race on standardized academic test scores across elementary, middle, and high school. / White, Gwyne W.; Stepney, Cesalie T.; Hatchimonji, Danielle Ryan; Moceri, Dominic C.; Linsky, Arielle V.; Reyes-Portillo, Jazmin; Elias, Maurice J.

In: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, Vol. 86, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 10-23.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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