The multistep friendship paradox

Josh Brown Kramer, Jonathan Cutler, A. J. Radcliffe

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The friendship paradox, proved by Feld in 1991, states that "on average, your friends have more friends than you do." In fact, Feld proved two versions of the paradox. We discuss generalizations of each of them that talk about the average number of friends that, for instance, a friend of a friend of a friend of a friend has.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)900-908
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Mathematical Monthly
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2016


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