The NINJA-2 project

Detecting and characterizing gravitational waveforms modelled using numerical binary black hole simulations

J. Aasi, B. P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T. Abbott, M. R. Abernathy, T. Accadia, F. Acernese, K. Ackley, C. Adams, T. Adams, P. Addesso, R. X. Adhikari, C. Affeldt, M. Agathos, N. Aggarwal, O. D. Aguiar, A. Ain, P. Ajith, A. Alemic, B. Allen & 868 others A. Allocca, D. Amariutei, M. Andersen, R. Anderson, S. B. Anderson, W. G. Anderson, K. Arai, M. C. Araya, C. Arceneaux, J. Areeda, S. M. Aston, P. Astone, P. Aufmuth, C. Aulbert, L. Austin, B. E. Aylott, S. Babak, P. T. Baker, G. Ballardin, S. W. Ballmer, J. C. Barayoga, M. Barbet, B. C. Barish, D. Barker, F. Barone, B. Barr, L. Barsotti, M. Barsuglia, M. A. Barton, I. Bartos, R. Bassiri, A. Basti, J. C. Batch, J. Bauchrowitz, Th S. Bauer, B. Behnke, M. Bejger, M. G. Beker, C. Belczynski, A. S. Bell, C. Bell, G. Bergmann, D. Bersanetti, A. Bertolini, J. Betzwieser, P. T. Beyersdorf, I. A. Bilenko, G. Billingsley, J. Birch, S. Biscans, M. Bitossi, M. A. Bizouard, E. Black, J. K. Blackburn, L. Blackburn, D. Blair, S. Bloemen, M. Blom, O. Bock, T. P. Bodiya, M. Boer, G. Bogaert, C. Bogan, C. Bond, F. Bondu, L. Bonelli, R. Bonnand, R. Bork, M. Born, V. Boschi, Sukanta Bose, L. Bosi, C. Bradaschia, P. R. Brady, V. B. Braginsky, M. Branchesi, J. E. Brau, T. Briant, D. O. Bridges, A. Brillet, M. Brinkmann, V. Brisson, A. F. Brooks, D. A. Brown, D. D. Brown, F. Brückner, S. Buchman, T. Bulik, H. J. Bulten, A. Buonanno, R. Burman, D. Buskulic, C. Buy, L. Cadonati, G. Cagnoli, J. Calderón Bustillo, E. Calloni, J. B. Camp, P. Campsie, K. C. Cannon, B. Canuel, J. Cao, C. D. Capano, F. Carbognani, L. Carbone, S. Caride, A. Castiglia, S. Caudill, M. Cavaglià, F. Cavalier, R. Cavalieri, C. Celerier, G. Cella, C. Cepeda, E. Cesarini, R. Chakraborty, T. Chalermsongsak, S. J. Chamberlin, S. Chao, P. Charlton, E. Chassande-Mottin, X. Chen, Y. Chen, A. Chincarini, A. Chiummo, H. S. Cho, J. Chow, N. Christensen, Q. Chu, S. S.Y. Chua, S. Chung, G. Ciani, F. Clara, J. A. Clark, F. Cleva, E. Coccia, P. F. Cohadon, A. Colla, C. Collette, M. Colombini, L. Cominsky, M. Constancio, A. Conte, D. Cook, T. R. Corbitt, M. Cordier, N. Cornish, A. Corpuz, A. Corsi, C. A. Costa, M. W. Coughlin, S. Coughlin, J. P. Coulon, S. Countryman, P. Couvares, D. M. Coward, M. Cowart, D. C. Coyne, R. Coyne, K. Craig, J. D.E. Creighton, S. G. Crowder, A. Cumming, L. Cunningham, E. Cuoco, K. Dahl, T. Dal Canton, M. Damjanic, S. L. Danilishin, S. D'Antonio, K. Danzmann, V. Dattilo, H. Daveloza, M. Davier, G. S. Davies, E. J. Daw, R. Day, T. Dayanga, G. Debreczeni, J. Degallaix, S. Deléglise, W. Del Pozzo, T. Denker, T. Dent, H. Dereli, V. Dergachev, R. De Rosa, R. T. Derosa, R. Desalvo, S. Dhurandhar, M. Díaz, L. Di Fiore, A. Di Lieto, I. Di Palma, A. Di Virgilio, A. Donath, F. Donovan, K. L. Dooley, S. Doravari, S. Dossa, R. Douglas, T. P. Downes, M. Drago, R. W.P. Drever, J. C. Driggers, Z. Du, S. Dwyer, T. Eberle, T. Edo, M. Edwards, A. Effler, H. Eggenstein, P. Ehrens, J. Eichholz, S. S. Eikenberry, G. Endröczi, R. Essick, T. Etzel, M. Evans, T. Evans, M. Factourovich, V. Fafone, S. Fairhurst, Q. Fang, S. Farinon, B. Farr, W. M. Farr, Marc Favata, H. Fehrmann, M. M. Fejer, D. Feldbaum, F. Feroz, I. Ferrante, F. Ferrini, F. Fidecaro, L. S. Finn, I. Fiori, R. P. Fisher, R. Flaminio, J. D. Fournier, S. Franco, S. Frasca, F. Frasconi, M. Frede, Z. Frei, A. Freise, R. Frey, T. T. Fricke, P. Fritschel, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, M. Fyffe, J. Gair, L. Gammaitoni, S. Gaonkar, F. Garufi, N. Gehrels, G. Gemme, E. Genin, A. Gennai, S. Ghosh, J. A. Giaime, K. D. Giardina, A. Giazotto, C. Gill, J. Gleason, E. Goetz, R. Goetz, L. Gondan, G. González, N. Gordon, M. L. Gorodetsky, S. Gossan, S. Goßler, R. Gouaty, C. Gräf, P. B. Graff, M. Granata, A. Grant, S. Gras, C. Gray, R. J.S. Greenhalgh, A. M. Gretarsson, P. Groot, H. Grote, K. Grover, S. Grunewald, G. M. Guidi, C. Guido, K. Gushwa, E. K. Gustafson, R. Gustafson, D. Hammer, G. Hammond, M. Hanke, J. Hanks, C. Hanna, J. Hanson, J. Harms, G. M. Harry, I. W. Harry, E. D. Harstad, M. Hart, M. T. Hartman, C. J. Haster, K. Haughian, A. Heidmann, M. Heintze, H. Heitmann, P. Hello, G. Hemming, M. Hendry, I. S. Heng, A. W. Heptonstall, M. Heurs, M. Hewitson, S. Hild, D. Hoak, K. A. Hodge, K. Holt, S. Hooper, P. Hopkins, D. J. Hosken, J. Hough, E. J. Howell, Y. Hu, B. Hughey, S. Husa, S. H. Huttner, M. Huynh, T. Huynh-Dinh, D. R. Ingram, R. Inta, T. Isogai, A. Ivanov, B. R. Iyer, K. Izumi, M. Jacobson, E. James, H. Jang, P. Jaranowski, Y. Ji, F. Jiménez-Forteza, W. W. Johnson, D. I. Jones, R. Jones, R. J.G. Jonker, L. Ju, K. Haris, P. Kalmus, V. Kalogera, S. Kandhasamy, G. Kang, J. B. Kanner, J. Karlen, M. Kasprzack, E. Katsavounidis, W. Katzman, H. Kaufer, K. Kawabe, F. Kawazoe, F. Kéfélian, G. M. Keiser, D. Keitel, D. B. Kelley, W. Kells, A. Khalaidovski, F. Y. Khalili, E. A. Khazanov, C. Kim, K. Kim, N. Kim, N. G. Kim, Y. M. Kim, E. J. King, P. J. King, D. L. Kinzel, J. S. Kissel, S. Klimenko, J. Kline, S. Koehlenbeck, K. Kokeyama, V. Kondrashov, S. Koranda, W. Z. Korth, I. Kowalska, D. B. Kozak, A. Kremin, V. Kringel, B. Krishnan, A. Królak, G. Kuehn, A. Kumar, P. Kumar, R. Kumar, L. Kuo, A. Kutynia, P. Kwee, M. Landry, B. Lantz, S. Larson, P. D. Lasky, C. Lawrie, A. Lazzarini, C. Lazzaro, P. Leaci, S. Leavey, E. O. Lebigot, C. H. Lee, H. K. Lee, H. M. Lee, J. Lee, M. Leonardi, J. R. Leong, A. Le Roux, N. Leroy, N. Letendre, Y. Levin, B. Levine, J. Lewis, T. G.F. Li, K. Libbrecht, A. Libson, A. C. Lin, T. B. Littenberg, V. Litvine, N. A. Lockerbie, V. Lockett, D. Lodhia, K. Loew, J. Logue, A. L. Lombardi, M. Lorenzini, V. Loriette, M. Lormand, G. Losurdo, J. Lough, M. J. Lubinski, H. Lück, E. Luijten, A. P. Lundgren, R. Lynch, Y. Ma, J. Macarthur, E. P. Macdonald, T. Macdonald, B. Machenschalk, M. Macinnis, D. M. Macleod, F. Magana-Sandoval, M. Mageswaran, C. Maglione, K. Mailand, E. Majorana, I. Maksimovic, V. Malvezzi, N. Man, G. M. Manca, I. Mandel, V. Mandic, V. Mangano, N. Mangini, M. Mantovani, F. Marchesoni, F. Marion, S. Márka, Z. Márka, A. Markosyan, E. Maros, J. Marque, F. Martelli, I. W. Martin, Rodica Martin, L. Martinelli, D. Martynov, J. N. Marx, K. Mason, A. Masserot, T. J. Massinger, F. Matichard, L. Matone, R. A. Matzner, N. Mavalvala, N. Mazumder, G. Mazzolo, R. McCarthy, D. E. McClelland, S. C. McGuire, G. McIntyre, J. McIver, K. McLin, D. Meacher, G. D. Meadors, M. Mehmet, J. Meidam, M. Meinders, A. Melatos, G. Mendell, R. A. Mercer, S. Meshkov, C. Messenger, P. Meyers, H. Miao, C. Michel, E. E. Mikhailov, L. Milano, S. Milde, J. Miller, Y. Minenkov, C. M.F. Mingarelli, C. Mishra, S. Mitra, V. P. Mitrofanov, G. Mitselmakher, R. Mittleman, B. Moe, P. Moesta, M. Mohan, S. R.P. Mohapatra, D. Moraru, G. Moreno, N. Morgado, S. R. Morriss, K. Mossavi, B. Mours, C. M. Mow-Lowry, C. L. Mueller, G. Mueller, S. Mukherjee, A. Mullavey, J. Munch, D. Murphy, P. G. Murray, A. Mytidis, M. F. Nagy, D. Nanda Kumar, I. Nardecchia, L. Naticchioni, R. K. Nayak, V. Necula, G. Nelemans, I. Neri, M. Neri, G. Newton, T. Nguyen, A. Nitz, F. Nocera, D. Nolting, M. E.N. Normandin, L. K. Nuttall, E. Ochsner, J. O'Dell, E. Oelker, J. J. Oh, S. H. Oh, F. Ohme, P. Oppermann, B. O'Reilly, R. O'Shaughnessy, C. Osthelder, D. J. Ottaway, R. S. Ottens, H. Overmier, B. J. Owen, C. Padilla, A. Pai, O. Palashov, C. Palomba, H. Pan, Y. Pan, C. Pankow, F. Paoletti, R. Paoletti, M. A. Papa, H. Paris, A. Pasqualetti, R. Passaquieti, D. Passuello, M. Pedraza, S. Penn, A. Perreca, M. Phelps, M. Pichot, M. Pickenpack, F. Piergiovanni, V. Pierro, L. Pinard, I. M. Pinto, M. Pitkin, J. Poeld, R. Poggiani, A. Poteomkin, J. Powell, J. Prasad, S. Premachandra, T. Prestegard, L. R. Price, M. Prijatelj, S. Privitera, G. A. Prodi, L. Prokhorov, O. Puncken, M. Punturo, P. Puppo, J. Qin, V. Quetschke, E. Quintero, G. Quiroga, R. Quitzow-James, F. J. Raab, D. S. Rabeling, I. Rácz, H. Radkins, P. Raffai, S. Raja, G. Rajalakshmi, M. Rakhmanov, C. Ramet, K. Ramirez, P. Rapagnani, V. Raymond, V. Re, J. Read, C. M. Reed, T. Regimbau, S. Reid, D. H. Reitze, E. Rhoades, F. Ricci, K. Riles, N. A. Robertson, F. Robinet, A. Rocchi, M. Rodruck, L. Rolland, J. G. Rollins, R. Romano, G. Romanov, J. H. Romie, D. Rosińska, S. Rowan, A. Rüdiger, P. Ruggi, K. Ryan, F. Salemi, L. Sammut, V. Sandberg, J. R. Sanders, V. Sannibale, I. Santiago-Prieto, E. Saracco, B. Sassolas, B. S. Sathyaprakash, P. R. Saulson, R. Savage, J. Scheuer, R. Schilling, R. Schnabel, R. M.S. Schofield, E. Schreiber, D. Schuette, B. F. Schutz, J. Scott, S. M. Scott, D. Sellers, A. S. Sengupta, D. Sentenac, V. Sequino, A. Sergeev, D. Shaddock, S. Shah, M. S. Shahriar, M. Shaltev, B. Shapiro, P. Shawhan, D. H. Shoemaker, T. L. Sidery, K. Siellez, X. Siemens, D. Sigg, D. Simakov, A. Singer, L. Singer, R. Singh, A. M. Sintes, B. J.J. Slagmolen, J. Slutsky, J. R. Smith, M. Smith, R. J.E. Smith, N. D. Smith-Lefebvre, E. J. Son, B. Sorazu, T. Souradeep, L. Sperandio, A. Staley, J. Stebbins, J. Steinlechner, S. Steinlechner, B. C. Stephens, S. Steplewski, S. Stevenson, R. Stone, D. Stops, K. A. Strain, N. Straniero, S. Strigin, R. Sturani, A. L. Stuver, T. Z. Summerscales, S. Susmithan, P. J. Sutton, B. Swinkels, M. Tacca, D. Talukder, D. B. Tanner, S. P. Tarabrin, R. Taylor, A. P.M.Ter Braack, M. P. Thirugnanasambandam, M. Thomas, P. Thomas, K. A. Thorne, K. S. Thorne, E. Thrane, V. Tiwari, K. V. Tokmakov, C. Tomlinson, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, O. Torre, C. V. Torres, C. I. Torrie, F. Travasso, G. Traylor, M. Tse, D. Ugolini, C. S. Unnikrishnan, A. L. Urban, K. Urbanek, H. Vahlbruch, G. Vajente, G. Valdes, M. Vallisneri, J. F.J.Van Den Brand, C. Van Den Broeck, S. Van Der Putten, M. V. Van Der Sluys, J. Van Heijningen, A. A. Van Veggel, S. Vass, M. Vasúth, R. Vaulin, A. Vecchio, G. Vedovato, J. Veitch, P. J. Veitch, K. Venkateswara, D. Verkindt, S. S. Verma, F. Vetrano, A. Viceré, R. Vincent-Finley, J. Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, T. Vo, H. Vocca, C. Vorvick, W. D. Vousden, S. P. Vyachanin, A. Wade, L. Wade, M. Wade, M. Walker, L. Wallace, M. Wang, X. Wang, R. L. Ward, M. Was, B. Weaver, L. W. Wei, M. Weinert, A. J. Weinstein, R. Weiss, T. Welborn, L. Wen, P. Wessels, M. West, T. Westphal, K. Wette, J. T. Whelan, S. E. Whitcomb, D. J. White, B. F. Whiting, K. Wiesner, C. Wilkinson, K. Williams, L. Williams, R. Williams, T. Williams, A. R. Williamson, J. L. Willis, B. Willke, M. Wimmer, W. Winkler, C. C. Wipf, A. G. Wiseman, H. Wittel, G. Woan, J. Worden, J. Yablon, I. Yakushin, H. Yamamoto, C. C. Yancey, H. Yang, Z. Yang, S. Yoshida, M. Yvert, A. Zadrozny, M. Zanolin, J. P. Zendri, Fan Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhao, X. J. Zhu, M. E. Zucker, S. Zuraw, J. Zweizig, M. Boyle, B. Brügmann, L. T. Buchman, M. Campanelli, T. Chu, Z. B. Etienne, M. Hannam, J. Healy, I. Hinder, L. E. Kidder, P. Laguna, Y. T. Liu, L. London, C. O. Lousto, G. Lovelace, I. Macdonald, P. Marronetti, P. Mösta, D. Müller, B. C. Mundim, H. Nakano, V. Paschalidis, L. Pekowsky, D. Pollney, H. P. Pfeiffer, M. Ponce, M. Pürrer, G. Reifenberger, C. Reisswig, L. Santamaría, M. A. Scheel, S. L. Shapiro, D. Shoemaker, C. F. Sopuerta, U. Sperhake, B. Szilágyi, N. W. Taylor, W. Tichy, P. Tsatsin, Y. Zlochower

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

The Numerical INJection Analysis (NINJA) project is a collaborative effort between members of the numerical relativity and gravitational-wave (GW) astrophysics communities. The purpose of NINJA is to study the ability to detect GWs emitted from merging binary black holes (BBH) and recover their parameters with next-generation GW observatories. We report here on the results of the second NINJA project, NINJA-2, which employs 60 complete BBH hybrid waveforms consisting of a numerical portion modelling the late inspiral, merger, and ringdown stitched to a post-Newtonian portion modelling the early inspiral. In a 'blind injection challenge' similar to that conducted in recent Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) and Virgo science runs, we added seven hybrid waveforms to two months of data recoloured to predictions of Advanced LIGO (aLIGO) and Advanced Virgo (AdV) sensitivity curves during their first observing runs. The resulting data was analysed by GW detection algorithms and 6 of the waveforms were recovered with false alarm rates smaller than 1 in a thousand years. Parameter-estimation algorithms were run on each of these waveforms to explore the ability to constrain the masses, component angular momenta and sky position of these waveforms. We find that the strong degeneracy between the mass ratio and the BHs' angular momenta will make it difficult to precisely estimate these parameters with aLIGO and AdV. We also perform a large-scale Monte Carlo study to assess the ability to recover each of the 60 hybrid waveforms with early aLIGO and AdV sensitivity curves. Our results predict that early aLIGO and AdV will have a volume-weighted average sensitive distance of 300 Mpc (1 Gpc) for 10Mȯ + 10Mȯ (50Mȯ + 50Mȯ) BBH coalescences. We demonstrate that neglecting the component angular momenta in the waveform models used in matched-filtering will result in a reduction in sensitivity for systems with large component angular momenta. This reduction is estimated to be up to ∼15% for 50Mȯ + 50Mȯ BBH coalescences with almost maximal angular momenta aligned with the orbit when using early aLIGO and AdV sensitivity curves.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115004
JournalClassical and Quantum Gravity
Volume31
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Jun 2014

Fingerprint

LIGO (observatory)
waveforms
injection
angular momentum
gravitational waves
simulation
sensitivity
coalescing
curves
false alarms
mass ratios
sky
relativity
observatories
astrophysics
orbits
estimates
predictions

Keywords

  • LIGO
  • NINJA
  • Virgo
  • binary black holes
  • gravitational-wave astronomy
  • numerical relativity

Cite this

Aasi, J. ; Abbott, B. P. ; Abbott, R. ; Abbott, T. ; Abernathy, M. R. ; Accadia, T. ; Acernese, F. ; Ackley, K. ; Adams, C. ; Adams, T. ; Addesso, P. ; Adhikari, R. X. ; Affeldt, C. ; Agathos, M. ; Aggarwal, N. ; Aguiar, O. D. ; Ain, A. ; Ajith, P. ; Alemic, A. ; Allen, B. ; Allocca, A. ; Amariutei, D. ; Andersen, M. ; Anderson, R. ; Anderson, S. B. ; Anderson, W. G. ; Arai, K. ; Araya, M. C. ; Arceneaux, C. ; Areeda, J. ; Aston, S. M. ; Astone, P. ; Aufmuth, P. ; Aulbert, C. ; Austin, L. ; Aylott, B. E. ; Babak, S. ; Baker, P. T. ; Ballardin, G. ; Ballmer, S. W. ; Barayoga, J. C. ; Barbet, M. ; Barish, B. C. ; Barker, D. ; Barone, F. ; Barr, B. ; Barsotti, L. ; Barsuglia, M. ; Barton, M. A. ; Bartos, I. ; Bassiri, R. ; Basti, A. ; Batch, J. C. ; Bauchrowitz, J. ; Bauer, Th S. ; Behnke, B. ; Bejger, M. ; Beker, M. G. ; Belczynski, C. ; Bell, A. S. ; Bell, C. ; Bergmann, G. ; Bersanetti, D. ; Bertolini, A. ; Betzwieser, J. ; Beyersdorf, P. T. ; Bilenko, I. A. ; Billingsley, G. ; Birch, J. ; Biscans, S. ; Bitossi, M. ; Bizouard, M. A. ; Black, E. ; Blackburn, J. K. ; Blackburn, L. ; Blair, D. ; Bloemen, S. ; Blom, M. ; Bock, O. ; Bodiya, T. P. ; Boer, M. ; Bogaert, G. ; Bogan, C. ; Bond, C. ; Bondu, F. ; Bonelli, L. ; Bonnand, R. ; Bork, R. ; Born, M. ; Boschi, V. ; Bose, Sukanta ; Bosi, L. ; Bradaschia, C. ; Brady, P. R. ; Braginsky, V. B. ; Branchesi, M. ; Brau, J. E. ; Briant, T. ; Bridges, D. O. ; Brillet, A. ; Brinkmann, M. ; Brisson, V. ; Brooks, A. F. ; Brown, D. A. ; Brown, D. D. ; Brückner, F. ; Buchman, S. ; Bulik, T. ; Bulten, H. J. ; Buonanno, A. ; Burman, R. ; Buskulic, D. ; Buy, C. ; Cadonati, L. ; Cagnoli, G. ; Bustillo, J. Calderón ; Calloni, E. ; Camp, J. B. ; Campsie, P. ; Cannon, K. C. ; Canuel, B. ; Cao, J. ; Capano, C. D. ; Carbognani, F. ; Carbone, L. ; Caride, S. ; Castiglia, A. ; Caudill, S. ; Cavaglià, M. ; Cavalier, F. ; Cavalieri, R. ; Celerier, C. ; Cella, G. ; Cepeda, C. ; Cesarini, E. ; Chakraborty, R. ; Chalermsongsak, T. ; Chamberlin, S. J. ; Chao, S. ; Charlton, P. ; Chassande-Mottin, E. ; Chen, X. ; Chen, Y. ; Chincarini, A. ; Chiummo, A. ; Cho, H. S. ; Chow, J. ; Christensen, N. ; Chu, Q. ; Chua, S. S.Y. ; Chung, S. ; Ciani, G. ; Clara, F. ; Clark, J. A. ; Cleva, F. ; Coccia, E. ; Cohadon, P. F. ; Colla, A. ; Collette, C. ; Colombini, M. ; Cominsky, L. ; Constancio, M. ; Conte, A. ; Cook, D. ; Corbitt, T. R. ; Cordier, M. ; Cornish, N. ; Corpuz, A. ; Corsi, A. ; Costa, C. A. ; Coughlin, M. W. ; Coughlin, S. ; Coulon, J. P. ; Countryman, S. ; Couvares, P. ; Coward, D. M. ; Cowart, M. ; Coyne, D. C. ; Coyne, R. ; Craig, K. ; Creighton, J. D.E. ; Crowder, S. G. ; Cumming, A. ; Cunningham, L. ; Cuoco, E. ; Dahl, K. ; Canton, T. Dal ; Damjanic, M. ; Danilishin, S. L. ; D'Antonio, S. ; Danzmann, K. ; Dattilo, V. ; Daveloza, H. ; Davier, M. ; Davies, G. S. ; Daw, E. J. ; Day, R. ; Dayanga, T. ; Debreczeni, G. ; Degallaix, J. ; Deléglise, S. ; Pozzo, W. Del ; Denker, T. ; Dent, T. ; Dereli, H. ; Dergachev, V. ; De Rosa, R. ; Derosa, R. T. ; Desalvo, R. ; Dhurandhar, S. ; Díaz, M. ; Fiore, L. Di ; Lieto, A. Di ; Palma, I. Di ; Virgilio, A. Di ; Donath, A. ; Donovan, F. ; Dooley, K. L. ; Doravari, S. ; Dossa, S. ; Douglas, R. ; Downes, T. P. ; Drago, M. ; Drever, R. W.P. ; Driggers, J. C. ; Du, Z. ; Dwyer, S. ; Eberle, T. ; Edo, T. ; Edwards, M. ; Effler, A. ; Eggenstein, H. ; Ehrens, P. ; Eichholz, J. ; Eikenberry, S. S. ; Endröczi, G. ; Essick, R. ; Etzel, T. ; Evans, M. ; Evans, T. ; Factourovich, M. ; Fafone, V. ; Fairhurst, S. ; Fang, Q. ; Farinon, S. ; Farr, B. ; Farr, W. M. ; Favata, Marc ; Fehrmann, H. ; Fejer, M. M. ; Feldbaum, D. ; Feroz, F. ; Ferrante, I. ; Ferrini, F. ; Fidecaro, F. ; Finn, L. S. ; Fiori, I. ; Fisher, R. 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@article{f9810077661642159fe7c38dff8d098c,
title = "The NINJA-2 project: Detecting and characterizing gravitational waveforms modelled using numerical binary black hole simulations",
abstract = "The Numerical INJection Analysis (NINJA) project is a collaborative effort between members of the numerical relativity and gravitational-wave (GW) astrophysics communities. The purpose of NINJA is to study the ability to detect GWs emitted from merging binary black holes (BBH) and recover their parameters with next-generation GW observatories. We report here on the results of the second NINJA project, NINJA-2, which employs 60 complete BBH hybrid waveforms consisting of a numerical portion modelling the late inspiral, merger, and ringdown stitched to a post-Newtonian portion modelling the early inspiral. In a 'blind injection challenge' similar to that conducted in recent Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) and Virgo science runs, we added seven hybrid waveforms to two months of data recoloured to predictions of Advanced LIGO (aLIGO) and Advanced Virgo (AdV) sensitivity curves during their first observing runs. The resulting data was analysed by GW detection algorithms and 6 of the waveforms were recovered with false alarm rates smaller than 1 in a thousand years. Parameter-estimation algorithms were run on each of these waveforms to explore the ability to constrain the masses, component angular momenta and sky position of these waveforms. We find that the strong degeneracy between the mass ratio and the BHs' angular momenta will make it difficult to precisely estimate these parameters with aLIGO and AdV. We also perform a large-scale Monte Carlo study to assess the ability to recover each of the 60 hybrid waveforms with early aLIGO and AdV sensitivity curves. Our results predict that early aLIGO and AdV will have a volume-weighted average sensitive distance of 300 Mpc (1 Gpc) for 10Mȯ + 10Mȯ (50Mȯ + 50Mȯ) BBH coalescences. We demonstrate that neglecting the component angular momenta in the waveform models used in matched-filtering will result in a reduction in sensitivity for systems with large component angular momenta. This reduction is estimated to be up to ∼15{\%} for 50Mȯ + 50Mȯ BBH coalescences with almost maximal angular momenta aligned with the orbit when using early aLIGO and AdV sensitivity curves.",
keywords = "LIGO, NINJA, Virgo, binary black holes, gravitational-wave astronomy, numerical relativity",
author = "J. Aasi and Abbott, {B. P.} and R. Abbott and T. Abbott and Abernathy, {M. R.} and T. Accadia and F. Acernese and K. Ackley and C. Adams and T. Adams and P. Addesso and Adhikari, {R. X.} and C. Affeldt and M. Agathos and N. Aggarwal and Aguiar, {O. D.} and A. Ain and P. Ajith and A. Alemic and B. Allen and A. Allocca and D. Amariutei and M. Andersen and R. Anderson and Anderson, {S. B.} and Anderson, {W. G.} and K. Arai and Araya, {M. C.} and C. Arceneaux and J. Areeda and Aston, {S. M.} and P. Astone and P. Aufmuth and C. Aulbert and L. Austin and Aylott, {B. E.} and S. Babak and Baker, {P. T.} and G. Ballardin and Ballmer, {S. W.} and Barayoga, {J. C.} and M. Barbet and Barish, {B. C.} and D. Barker and F. Barone and B. Barr and L. Barsotti and M. Barsuglia and Barton, {M. A.} and I. Bartos and R. Bassiri and A. Basti and Batch, {J. C.} and J. Bauchrowitz and Bauer, {Th S.} and B. Behnke and M. Bejger and Beker, {M. G.} and C. Belczynski and Bell, {A. S.} and C. Bell and G. Bergmann and D. Bersanetti and A. Bertolini and J. Betzwieser and Beyersdorf, {P. T.} and Bilenko, {I. A.} and G. Billingsley and J. Birch and S. Biscans and M. Bitossi and Bizouard, {M. A.} and E. Black and Blackburn, {J. K.} and L. Blackburn and D. Blair and S. Bloemen and M. Blom and O. Bock and Bodiya, {T. P.} and M. Boer and G. Bogaert and C. Bogan and C. Bond and F. Bondu and L. Bonelli and R. Bonnand and R. Bork and M. Born and V. Boschi and Sukanta Bose and L. Bosi and C. Bradaschia and Brady, {P. R.} and Braginsky, {V. B.} and M. Branchesi and Brau, {J. E.} and T. Briant and Bridges, {D. O.} and A. Brillet and M. Brinkmann and V. Brisson and Brooks, {A. F.} and Brown, {D. A.} and Brown, {D. D.} and F. Br{\"u}ckner and S. Buchman and T. Bulik and Bulten, {H. J.} and A. Buonanno and R. Burman and D. Buskulic and C. Buy and L. Cadonati and G. Cagnoli and Bustillo, {J. Calder{\'o}n} and E. Calloni and Camp, {J. B.} and P. Campsie and Cannon, {K. C.} and B. Canuel and J. Cao and Capano, {C. D.} and F. Carbognani and L. Carbone and S. Caride and A. Castiglia and S. Caudill and M. Cavagli{\`a} and F. Cavalier and R. Cavalieri and C. Celerier and G. Cella and C. Cepeda and E. Cesarini and R. Chakraborty and T. Chalermsongsak and Chamberlin, {S. J.} and S. Chao and P. Charlton and E. Chassande-Mottin and X. Chen and Y. Chen and A. Chincarini and A. Chiummo and Cho, {H. S.} and J. Chow and N. Christensen and Q. Chu and Chua, {S. S.Y.} and S. Chung and G. Ciani and F. Clara and Clark, {J. A.} and F. Cleva and E. Coccia and Cohadon, {P. F.} and A. Colla and C. Collette and M. Colombini and L. Cominsky and M. Constancio and A. Conte and D. Cook and Corbitt, {T. R.} and M. Cordier and N. Cornish and A. Corpuz and A. Corsi and Costa, {C. A.} and Coughlin, {M. W.} and S. Coughlin and Coulon, {J. P.} and S. Countryman and P. Couvares and Coward, {D. M.} and M. Cowart and Coyne, {D. C.} and R. Coyne and K. Craig and Creighton, {J. D.E.} and Crowder, {S. G.} and A. Cumming and L. Cunningham and E. Cuoco and K. Dahl and Canton, {T. Dal} and M. Damjanic and Danilishin, {S. L.} and S. D'Antonio and K. Danzmann and V. Dattilo and H. Daveloza and M. Davier and Davies, {G. S.} and Daw, {E. J.} and R. Day and T. Dayanga and G. Debreczeni and J. Degallaix and S. Del{\'e}glise and Pozzo, {W. Del} and T. Denker and T. Dent and H. Dereli and V. Dergachev and {De Rosa}, R. and Derosa, {R. T.} and R. Desalvo and S. Dhurandhar and M. D{\'i}az and Fiore, {L. Di} and Lieto, {A. Di} and Palma, {I. Di} and Virgilio, {A. Di} and A. Donath and F. Donovan and Dooley, {K. L.} and S. Doravari and S. Dossa and R. Douglas and Downes, {T. P.} and M. Drago and Drever, {R. W.P.} and Driggers, {J. C.} and Z. Du and S. Dwyer and T. Eberle and T. Edo and M. Edwards and A. Effler and H. Eggenstein and P. Ehrens and J. Eichholz and Eikenberry, {S. S.} and G. Endr{\"o}czi and R. Essick and T. Etzel and M. Evans and T. Evans and M. Factourovich and V. Fafone and S. Fairhurst and Q. Fang and S. Farinon and B. Farr and Farr, {W. M.} and Marc Favata and H. Fehrmann and Fejer, {M. M.} and D. Feldbaum and F. Feroz and I. Ferrante and F. Ferrini and F. Fidecaro and Finn, {L. S.} and I. Fiori and Fisher, {R. P.} and R. Flaminio and Fournier, {J. D.} and S. Franco and S. Frasca and F. Frasconi and M. Frede and Z. Frei and A. Freise and R. Frey and Fricke, {T. T.} and P. Fritschel and Frolov, {V. V.} and P. Fulda and M. Fyffe and J. Gair and L. Gammaitoni and S. Gaonkar and F. Garufi and N. Gehrels and G. Gemme and E. Genin and A. Gennai and S. Ghosh and Giaime, {J. A.} and Giardina, {K. D.} and A. Giazotto and C. Gill and J. Gleason and E. Goetz and R. Goetz and L. Gondan and G. Gonz{\'a}lez and N. Gordon and Gorodetsky, {M. L.} and S. Gossan and S. Go{\ss}ler and R. Gouaty and C. Gr{\"a}f and Graff, {P. B.} and M. Granata and A. Grant and S. Gras and C. Gray and Greenhalgh, {R. J.S.} and Gretarsson, {A. M.} and P. 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E.} and S. Zuraw and J. Zweizig and M. Boyle and B. Br{\"u}gmann and Buchman, {L. T.} and M. Campanelli and T. Chu and Etienne, {Z. B.} and M. Hannam and J. Healy and I. Hinder and Kidder, {L. E.} and P. Laguna and Liu, {Y. T.} and L. London and Lousto, {C. O.} and G. Lovelace and I. Macdonald and P. Marronetti and P. M{\"o}sta and D. M{\"u}ller and Mundim, {B. C.} and H. Nakano and V. Paschalidis and L. Pekowsky and D. Pollney and Pfeiffer, {H. P.} and M. Ponce and M. P{\"u}rrer and G. Reifenberger and C. Reisswig and L. Santamar{\'i}a and Scheel, {M. A.} and Shapiro, {S. L.} and D. Shoemaker and Sopuerta, {C. F.} and U. Sperhake and B. Szil{\'a}gyi and Taylor, {N. W.} and W. Tichy and P. Tsatsin and Y. Zlochower",
year = "2014",
month = "6",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1088/0264-9381/31/11/115004",
language = "English",
volume = "31",
journal = "Classical and Quantum Gravity",
issn = "0264-9381",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "11",

}

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The NINJA-2 project : Detecting and characterizing gravitational waveforms modelled using numerical binary black hole simulations. / Aasi, J.; Abbott, B. P.; Abbott, R.; Abbott, T.; Abernathy, M. R.; Accadia, T.; Acernese, F.; Ackley, K.; Adams, C.; Adams, T.; Addesso, P.; Adhikari, R. X.; Affeldt, C.; Agathos, M.; Aggarwal, N.; Aguiar, O. D.; Ain, A.; Ajith, P.; Alemic, A.; Allen, B.; Allocca, A.; Amariutei, D.; Andersen, M.; Anderson, R.; Anderson, S. B.; Anderson, W. G.; Arai, K.; Araya, M. C.; Arceneaux, C.; Areeda, J.; Aston, S. M.; Astone, P.; Aufmuth, P.; Aulbert, C.; Austin, L.; Aylott, B. E.; Babak, S.; Baker, P. T.; Ballardin, G.; Ballmer, S. W.; Barayoga, J. C.; Barbet, M.; Barish, B. C.; Barker, D.; Barone, F.; Barr, B.; Barsotti, L.; Barsuglia, M.; Barton, M. A.; Bartos, I.; Bassiri, R.; Basti, A.; Batch, J. C.; Bauchrowitz, J.; Bauer, Th S.; Behnke, B.; Bejger, M.; Beker, M. G.; Belczynski, C.; Bell, A. S.; Bell, C.; Bergmann, G.; Bersanetti, D.; Bertolini, A.; Betzwieser, J.; Beyersdorf, P. T.; Bilenko, I. A.; Billingsley, G.; Birch, J.; Biscans, S.; Bitossi, M.; Bizouard, M. A.; Black, E.; Blackburn, J. K.; Blackburn, L.; Blair, D.; Bloemen, S.; Blom, M.; Bock, O.; Bodiya, T. P.; Boer, M.; Bogaert, G.; Bogan, C.; Bond, C.; Bondu, F.; Bonelli, L.; Bonnand, R.; Bork, R.; Born, M.; Boschi, V.; Bose, Sukanta; Bosi, L.; Bradaschia, C.; Brady, P. R.; Braginsky, V. B.; Branchesi, M.; Brau, J. E.; Briant, T.; Bridges, D. O.; Brillet, A.; Brinkmann, M.; Brisson, V.; Brooks, A. F.; Brown, D. A.; Brown, D. D.; Brückner, F.; Buchman, S.; Bulik, T.; Bulten, H. J.; Buonanno, A.; Burman, R.; Buskulic, D.; Buy, C.; Cadonati, L.; Cagnoli, G.; Bustillo, J. Calderón; Calloni, E.; Camp, J. B.; Campsie, P.; Cannon, K. C.; Canuel, B.; Cao, J.; Capano, C. D.; Carbognani, F.; Carbone, L.; Caride, S.; Castiglia, A.; Caudill, S.; Cavaglià, M.; Cavalier, F.; Cavalieri, R.; Celerier, C.; Cella, G.; Cepeda, C.; Cesarini, E.; Chakraborty, R.; Chalermsongsak, T.; Chamberlin, S. J.; Chao, S.; Charlton, P.; Chassande-Mottin, E.; Chen, X.; Chen, Y.; Chincarini, A.; Chiummo, A.; Cho, H. S.; Chow, J.; Christensen, N.; Chu, Q.; Chua, S. S.Y.; Chung, S.; Ciani, G.; Clara, F.; Clark, J. A.; Cleva, F.; Coccia, E.; Cohadon, P. F.; Colla, A.; Collette, C.; Colombini, M.; Cominsky, L.; Constancio, M.; Conte, A.; Cook, D.; Corbitt, T. R.; Cordier, M.; Cornish, N.; Corpuz, A.; Corsi, A.; Costa, C. A.; Coughlin, M. W.; Coughlin, S.; Coulon, J. P.; Countryman, S.; Couvares, P.; Coward, D. M.; Cowart, M.; Coyne, D. C.; Coyne, R.; Craig, K.; Creighton, J. D.E.; Crowder, S. G.; Cumming, A.; Cunningham, L.; Cuoco, E.; Dahl, K.; Canton, T. Dal; Damjanic, M.; Danilishin, S. L.; D'Antonio, S.; Danzmann, K.; Dattilo, V.; Daveloza, H.; Davier, M.; Davies, G. 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N.; Mason, K.; Masserot, A.; Massinger, T. J.; Matichard, F.; Matone, L.; Matzner, R. A.; Mavalvala, N.; Mazumder, N.; Mazzolo, G.; McCarthy, R.; McClelland, D. E.; McGuire, S. C.; McIntyre, G.; McIver, J.; McLin, K.; Meacher, D.; Meadors, G. D.; Mehmet, M.; Meidam, J.; Meinders, M.; Melatos, A.; Mendell, G.; Mercer, R. A.; Meshkov, S.; Messenger, C.; Meyers, P.; Miao, H.; Michel, C.; Mikhailov, E. E.; Milano, L.; Milde, S.; Miller, J.; Minenkov, Y.; Mingarelli, C. M.F.; Mishra, C.; Mitra, S.; Mitrofanov, V. P.; Mitselmakher, G.; Mittleman, R.; Moe, B.; Moesta, P.; Mohan, M.; Mohapatra, S. R.P.; Moraru, D.; Moreno, G.; Morgado, N.; Morriss, S. R.; Mossavi, K.; Mours, B.; Mow-Lowry, C. M.; Mueller, C. L.; Mueller, G.; Mukherjee, S.; Mullavey, A.; Munch, J.; Murphy, D.; Murray, P. G.; Mytidis, A.; Nagy, M. F.; Kumar, D. Nanda; Nardecchia, I.; Naticchioni, L.; Nayak, R. K.; Necula, V.; Nelemans, G.; Neri, I.; Neri, M.; Newton, G.; Nguyen, T.; Nitz, A.; Nocera, F.; Nolting, D.; Normandin, M. E.N.; Nuttall, L. K.; Ochsner, E.; O'Dell, J.; Oelker, E.; Oh, J. J.; Oh, S. H.; Ohme, F.; Oppermann, P.; O'Reilly, B.; O'Shaughnessy, R.; Osthelder, C.; Ottaway, D. J.; Ottens, R. S.; Overmier, H.; Owen, B. J.; Padilla, C.; Pai, A.; Palashov, O.; Palomba, C.; Pan, H.; Pan, Y.; Pankow, C.; Paoletti, F.; Paoletti, R.; Papa, M. A.; Paris, H.; Pasqualetti, A.; Passaquieti, R.; Passuello, D.; Pedraza, M.; Penn, S.; Perreca, A.; Phelps, M.; Pichot, M.; Pickenpack, M.; Piergiovanni, F.; Pierro, V.; Pinard, L.; Pinto, I. M.; Pitkin, M.; Poeld, J.; Poggiani, R.; Poteomkin, A.; Powell, J.; Prasad, J.; Premachandra, S.; Prestegard, T.; Price, L. R.; Prijatelj, M.; Privitera, S.; Prodi, G. A.; Prokhorov, L.; Puncken, O.; Punturo, M.; Puppo, P.; Qin, J.; Quetschke, V.; Quintero, E.; Quiroga, G.; Quitzow-James, R.; Raab, F. J.; Rabeling, D. S.; Rácz, I.; Radkins, H.; Raffai, P.; Raja, S.; Rajalakshmi, G.; Rakhmanov, M.; Ramet, C.; Ramirez, K.; Rapagnani, P.; Raymond, V.; Re, V.; Read, J.; Reed, C. M.; Regimbau, T.; Reid, S.; Reitze, D. H.; Rhoades, E.; Ricci, F.; Riles, K.; Robertson, N. A.; Robinet, F.; Rocchi, A.; Rodruck, M.; Rolland, L.; Rollins, J. G.; Romano, R.; Romanov, G.; Romie, J. H.; Rosińska, D.; Rowan, S.; Rüdiger, A.; Ruggi, P.; Ryan, K.; Salemi, F.; Sammut, L.; Sandberg, V.; Sanders, J. R.; Sannibale, V.; Santiago-Prieto, I.; Saracco, E.; Sassolas, B.; Sathyaprakash, B. S.; Saulson, P. R.; Savage, R.; Scheuer, J.; Schilling, R.; Schnabel, R.; Schofield, R. M.S.; Schreiber, E.; Schuette, D.; Schutz, B. F.; Scott, J.; Scott, S. M.; Sellers, D.; Sengupta, A. S.; Sentenac, D.; Sequino, V.; Sergeev, A.; Shaddock, D.; Shah, S.; Shahriar, M. S.; Shaltev, M.; Shapiro, B.; Shawhan, P.; Shoemaker, D. H.; Sidery, T. L.; Siellez, K.; Siemens, X.; Sigg, D.; Simakov, D.; Singer, A.; Singer, L.; Singh, R.; Sintes, A. M.; Slagmolen, B. J.J.; Slutsky, J.; Smith, J. R.; Smith, M.; Smith, R. J.E.; Smith-Lefebvre, N. D.; Son, E. J.; Sorazu, B.; Souradeep, T.; Sperandio, L.; Staley, A.; Stebbins, J.; Steinlechner, J.; Steinlechner, S.; Stephens, B. C.; Steplewski, S.; Stevenson, S.; Stone, R.; Stops, D.; Strain, K. A.; Straniero, N.; Strigin, S.; Sturani, R.; Stuver, A. L.; Summerscales, T. Z.; Susmithan, S.; Sutton, P. J.; Swinkels, B.; Tacca, M.; Talukder, D.; Tanner, D. B.; Tarabrin, S. P.; Taylor, R.; Braack, A. P.M.Ter; Thirugnanasambandam, M. P.; Thomas, M.; Thomas, P.; Thorne, K. A.; Thorne, K. S.; Thrane, E.; Tiwari, V.; Tokmakov, K. V.; Tomlinson, C.; Toncelli, A.; Tonelli, M.; Torre, O.; Torres, C. V.; Torrie, C. I.; Travasso, F.; Traylor, G.; Tse, M.; Ugolini, D.; Unnikrishnan, C. S.; Urban, A. L.; Urbanek, K.; Vahlbruch, H.; Vajente, G.; Valdes, G.; Vallisneri, M.; Brand, J. F.J.Van Den; Van Den Broeck, C.; Van Der Putten, S.; Van Der Sluys, M. V.; Van Heijningen, J.; Van Veggel, A. A.; Vass, S.; Vasúth, M.; Vaulin, R.; Vecchio, A.; Vedovato, G.; Veitch, J.; Veitch, P. J.; Venkateswara, K.; Verkindt, D.; Verma, S. S.; Vetrano, F.; Viceré, A.; Vincent-Finley, R.; Vinet, J. Y.; Vitale, S.; Vo, T.; Vocca, H.; Vorvick, C.; Vousden, W. D.; Vyachanin, S. P.; Wade, A.; Wade, L.; Wade, M.; Walker, M.; Wallace, L.; Wang, M.; Wang, X.; Ward, R. L.; Was, M.; Weaver, B.; Wei, L. W.; Weinert, M.; Weinstein, A. J.; Weiss, R.; Welborn, T.; Wen, L.; Wessels, P.; West, M.; Westphal, T.; Wette, K.; Whelan, J. T.; Whitcomb, S. E.; White, D. J.; Whiting, B. F.; Wiesner, K.; Wilkinson, C.; Williams, K.; Williams, L.; Williams, R.; Williams, T.; Williamson, A. R.; Willis, J. L.; Willke, B.; Wimmer, M.; Winkler, W.; Wipf, C. C.; Wiseman, A. G.; Wittel, H.; Woan, G.; Worden, J.; Yablon, J.; Yakushin, I.; Yamamoto, H.; Yancey, C. C.; Yang, H.; Yang, Z.; Yoshida, S.; Yvert, M.; Zadrozny, A.; Zanolin, M.; Zendri, J. P.; Zhang, Fan; Zhang, L.; Zhao, C.; Zhu, X. J.; Zucker, M. E.; Zuraw, S.; Zweizig, J.; Boyle, M.; Brügmann, B.; Buchman, L. T.; Campanelli, M.; Chu, T.; Etienne, Z. B.; Hannam, M.; Healy, J.; Hinder, I.; Kidder, L. E.; Laguna, P.; Liu, Y. T.; London, L.; Lousto, C. O.; Lovelace, G.; Macdonald, I.; Marronetti, P.; Mösta, P.; Müller, D.; Mundim, B. C.; Nakano, H.; Paschalidis, V.; Pekowsky, L.; Pollney, D.; Pfeiffer, H. P.; Ponce, M.; Pürrer, M.; Reifenberger, G.; Reisswig, C.; Santamaría, L.; Scheel, M. A.; Shapiro, S. L.; Shoemaker, D.; Sopuerta, C. F.; Sperhake, U.; Szilágyi, B.; Taylor, N. W.; Tichy, W.; Tsatsin, P.; Zlochower, Y.

In: Classical and Quantum Gravity, Vol. 31, No. 11, 115004, 07.06.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The NINJA-2 project

T2 - Detecting and characterizing gravitational waveforms modelled using numerical binary black hole simulations

AU - Aasi, J.

AU - Abbott, B. P.

AU - Abbott, R.

AU - Abbott, T.

AU - Abernathy, M. R.

AU - Accadia, T.

AU - Acernese, F.

AU - Ackley, K.

AU - Adams, C.

AU - Adams, T.

AU - Addesso, P.

AU - Adhikari, R. X.

AU - Affeldt, C.

AU - Agathos, M.

AU - Aggarwal, N.

AU - Aguiar, O. D.

AU - Ain, A.

AU - Ajith, P.

AU - Alemic, A.

AU - Allen, B.

AU - Allocca, A.

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AU - Zhu, X. J.

AU - Zucker, M. E.

AU - Zuraw, S.

AU - Zweizig, J.

AU - Boyle, M.

AU - Brügmann, B.

AU - Buchman, L. T.

AU - Campanelli, M.

AU - Chu, T.

AU - Etienne, Z. B.

AU - Hannam, M.

AU - Healy, J.

AU - Hinder, I.

AU - Kidder, L. E.

AU - Laguna, P.

AU - Liu, Y. T.

AU - London, L.

AU - Lousto, C. O.

AU - Lovelace, G.

AU - Macdonald, I.

AU - Marronetti, P.

AU - Mösta, P.

AU - Müller, D.

AU - Mundim, B. C.

AU - Nakano, H.

AU - Paschalidis, V.

AU - Pekowsky, L.

AU - Pollney, D.

AU - Pfeiffer, H. P.

AU - Ponce, M.

AU - Pürrer, M.

AU - Reifenberger, G.

AU - Reisswig, C.

AU - Santamaría, L.

AU - Scheel, M. A.

AU - Shapiro, S. L.

AU - Shoemaker, D.

AU - Sopuerta, C. F.

AU - Sperhake, U.

AU - Szilágyi, B.

AU - Taylor, N. W.

AU - Tichy, W.

AU - Tsatsin, P.

AU - Zlochower, Y.

PY - 2014/6/7

Y1 - 2014/6/7

N2 - The Numerical INJection Analysis (NINJA) project is a collaborative effort between members of the numerical relativity and gravitational-wave (GW) astrophysics communities. The purpose of NINJA is to study the ability to detect GWs emitted from merging binary black holes (BBH) and recover their parameters with next-generation GW observatories. We report here on the results of the second NINJA project, NINJA-2, which employs 60 complete BBH hybrid waveforms consisting of a numerical portion modelling the late inspiral, merger, and ringdown stitched to a post-Newtonian portion modelling the early inspiral. In a 'blind injection challenge' similar to that conducted in recent Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) and Virgo science runs, we added seven hybrid waveforms to two months of data recoloured to predictions of Advanced LIGO (aLIGO) and Advanced Virgo (AdV) sensitivity curves during their first observing runs. The resulting data was analysed by GW detection algorithms and 6 of the waveforms were recovered with false alarm rates smaller than 1 in a thousand years. Parameter-estimation algorithms were run on each of these waveforms to explore the ability to constrain the masses, component angular momenta and sky position of these waveforms. We find that the strong degeneracy between the mass ratio and the BHs' angular momenta will make it difficult to precisely estimate these parameters with aLIGO and AdV. We also perform a large-scale Monte Carlo study to assess the ability to recover each of the 60 hybrid waveforms with early aLIGO and AdV sensitivity curves. Our results predict that early aLIGO and AdV will have a volume-weighted average sensitive distance of 300 Mpc (1 Gpc) for 10Mȯ + 10Mȯ (50Mȯ + 50Mȯ) BBH coalescences. We demonstrate that neglecting the component angular momenta in the waveform models used in matched-filtering will result in a reduction in sensitivity for systems with large component angular momenta. This reduction is estimated to be up to ∼15% for 50Mȯ + 50Mȯ BBH coalescences with almost maximal angular momenta aligned with the orbit when using early aLIGO and AdV sensitivity curves.

AB - The Numerical INJection Analysis (NINJA) project is a collaborative effort between members of the numerical relativity and gravitational-wave (GW) astrophysics communities. The purpose of NINJA is to study the ability to detect GWs emitted from merging binary black holes (BBH) and recover their parameters with next-generation GW observatories. We report here on the results of the second NINJA project, NINJA-2, which employs 60 complete BBH hybrid waveforms consisting of a numerical portion modelling the late inspiral, merger, and ringdown stitched to a post-Newtonian portion modelling the early inspiral. In a 'blind injection challenge' similar to that conducted in recent Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) and Virgo science runs, we added seven hybrid waveforms to two months of data recoloured to predictions of Advanced LIGO (aLIGO) and Advanced Virgo (AdV) sensitivity curves during their first observing runs. The resulting data was analysed by GW detection algorithms and 6 of the waveforms were recovered with false alarm rates smaller than 1 in a thousand years. Parameter-estimation algorithms were run on each of these waveforms to explore the ability to constrain the masses, component angular momenta and sky position of these waveforms. We find that the strong degeneracy between the mass ratio and the BHs' angular momenta will make it difficult to precisely estimate these parameters with aLIGO and AdV. We also perform a large-scale Monte Carlo study to assess the ability to recover each of the 60 hybrid waveforms with early aLIGO and AdV sensitivity curves. Our results predict that early aLIGO and AdV will have a volume-weighted average sensitive distance of 300 Mpc (1 Gpc) for 10Mȯ + 10Mȯ (50Mȯ + 50Mȯ) BBH coalescences. We demonstrate that neglecting the component angular momenta in the waveform models used in matched-filtering will result in a reduction in sensitivity for systems with large component angular momenta. This reduction is estimated to be up to ∼15% for 50Mȯ + 50Mȯ BBH coalescences with almost maximal angular momenta aligned with the orbit when using early aLIGO and AdV sensitivity curves.

KW - LIGO

KW - NINJA

KW - Virgo

KW - binary black holes

KW - gravitational-wave astronomy

KW - numerical relativity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84901437653&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/0264-9381/31/11/115004

DO - 10.1088/0264-9381/31/11/115004

M3 - Article

VL - 31

JO - Classical and Quantum Gravity

JF - Classical and Quantum Gravity

SN - 0264-9381

IS - 11

M1 - 115004

ER -