The Relationship Between Social Anxiety and Internalized Racism in Black Young Adults

Emily A. Kline, Carrie Masia Warner, Sally L. Grapin, Jazmin A. Reyes-Portillo, Michael T. Bixter, De Vante J. Cunningham, Farah Mahmud, Tanya Singh, Cody Weeks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The study examined the relationships between social anxiety (SA), generalized anxiety (GA), and depression with racial microaggressions and internalized racism (IR) among Black young adults. Given SA's core features, we expected it to have a unique association with IR, and to moderate the connection between racial microaggressions and IR. Participants were 182 Black university students who completed measures of SA, GA, depressive symptoms, racial microaggressions, and IR. Linear regression models indicated that IR was a significant predictor of SA, but not GA or depression. Racial microaggressions were only positively associated with depressive symptoms. SA and racial microaggressions each predicted IR, but no interaction was found. Black young adults with elevated concerns of others' evaluation may be more prone to accepting negative stereotypes about one's racial group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-63
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cognitive Psychotherapy
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2021


  • Black college students
  • depression
  • internalized racism
  • microaggression
  • social anxiety


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