The role of valued outcomes, justifications, and comparison referents in perceptions of fairness among dual-earner couples

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This research examines factors that may explain why full-time employed wives, despite performing more housework than their full-time employed husbands, fail to report that an unequal division of household labor is unfair. Using interview data for 25 dual-earner couples, this article explores the relationships of valued outcomes, justifications, and choice of comparison referents to perceptions of fairness in the division of household labor. The data show that both husbands and wives positively value some aspects and outcomes of household tasks. The data also provide a basis for describing how spouses' use of justifications helps to explain the maintenance of inequality in the division of labor. Finally, the data demonstrate that spouses' peer comparisons play an important role in shaping their evaluations of fairness in household labor. The implications of these findings for survey data analysis and future survey data collection efforts are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)622-648
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Family Issues
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1998

Fingerprint

fairness
labor
husband
spouse
wife
housework
division of labor
data analysis
interview
evaluation
Values
time

Cite this

@article{f27a1e9967fb44b583149427a67d8904,
title = "The role of valued outcomes, justifications, and comparison referents in perceptions of fairness among dual-earner couples",
abstract = "This research examines factors that may explain why full-time employed wives, despite performing more housework than their full-time employed husbands, fail to report that an unequal division of household labor is unfair. Using interview data for 25 dual-earner couples, this article explores the relationships of valued outcomes, justifications, and choice of comparison referents to perceptions of fairness in the division of household labor. The data show that both husbands and wives positively value some aspects and outcomes of household tasks. The data also provide a basis for describing how spouses' use of justifications helps to explain the maintenance of inequality in the division of labor. Finally, the data demonstrate that spouses' peer comparisons play an important role in shaping their evaluations of fairness in household labor. The implications of these findings for survey data analysis and future survey data collection efforts are discussed.",
author = "Constance Gager",
year = "1998",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/019251398019005007",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "622--648",
journal = "Journal of Family Issues",
issn = "0192-513X",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "5",

}

The role of valued outcomes, justifications, and comparison referents in perceptions of fairness among dual-earner couples. / Gager, Constance.

In: Journal of Family Issues, Vol. 19, No. 5, 01.01.1998, p. 622-648.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of valued outcomes, justifications, and comparison referents in perceptions of fairness among dual-earner couples

AU - Gager, Constance

PY - 1998/1/1

Y1 - 1998/1/1

N2 - This research examines factors that may explain why full-time employed wives, despite performing more housework than their full-time employed husbands, fail to report that an unequal division of household labor is unfair. Using interview data for 25 dual-earner couples, this article explores the relationships of valued outcomes, justifications, and choice of comparison referents to perceptions of fairness in the division of household labor. The data show that both husbands and wives positively value some aspects and outcomes of household tasks. The data also provide a basis for describing how spouses' use of justifications helps to explain the maintenance of inequality in the division of labor. Finally, the data demonstrate that spouses' peer comparisons play an important role in shaping their evaluations of fairness in household labor. The implications of these findings for survey data analysis and future survey data collection efforts are discussed.

AB - This research examines factors that may explain why full-time employed wives, despite performing more housework than their full-time employed husbands, fail to report that an unequal division of household labor is unfair. Using interview data for 25 dual-earner couples, this article explores the relationships of valued outcomes, justifications, and choice of comparison referents to perceptions of fairness in the division of household labor. The data show that both husbands and wives positively value some aspects and outcomes of household tasks. The data also provide a basis for describing how spouses' use of justifications helps to explain the maintenance of inequality in the division of labor. Finally, the data demonstrate that spouses' peer comparisons play an important role in shaping their evaluations of fairness in household labor. The implications of these findings for survey data analysis and future survey data collection efforts are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032221498&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/019251398019005007

DO - 10.1177/019251398019005007

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 622

EP - 648

JO - Journal of Family Issues

JF - Journal of Family Issues

SN - 0192-513X

IS - 5

ER -