The spread of influenza-like-illness within the household in Shanghai, China

Meili Li, Hong Wang, Baojun Song, Junling Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


High-density urban habitats provide a hotbed for the rapid spread of infectious diseases. School children densely aggregate in classrooms. So schools are high incidence area of infectious diseases. This paper aims at investigating the transmission of influenza-like-illness within households with a school child using a survey study of fourth grade elementary school students in Shanghai, China. We found that the pairwise transmission probability within a household is only 0:172, which implies that the average number of infections caused by a single infectious individual in a household in Shanghai is only 0:304. Thus, the majority of transmission must occur outside of a household for a disease to cause an outbreak.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1889-1900
Number of pages12
JournalMathematical Biosciences and Engineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2020


  • Household transmission
  • Influenza-like-illness
  • Markov Chain
  • Pairwise transmission probability


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