Threshold behavior of a marine-based sector of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet in response to early Pliocene ocean warming

Melissa A. Hansen, Sandra Passchier, Boo Keun Khim, Buhan Song, Trevor Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigate the stability of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet (EAIS) on the Wilkes Land continental margin, Antarctica, utilizing a high-resolution record of ice-rafted debris (IRD) mass accumulation rates (MAR) from Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Site U1359. The relationship between orbital variations in the IRD record and climate drivers was evaluated to capture changes in the dynamics of a marine-based ice sheet in response to early Pliocene warming. Three IRD MAR excursions were observed and confirmed via scanning electron microscope microtextural analysis of sand grains. Time series analysis of the IRD MAR reveals obliquity-paced expansions of the ice sheet to the outer shelf prior to ∼4.6 Ma. A decline in the obliquity and a transition into a dominant precession response of IRD MAR occur at ∼4.6 Ma along with a decline in the amplitude of IRD MAR maxima to low background levels between ∼4.0 and ∼3.5 Ma. We speculate that as sea surface temperatures began to peak above 3°C during the early Pliocene climatic optimum, the ice shelves thinned, leading to a greater susceptibility to precession-forced summer insolation and the onset of persistent retreat of a marine-based portion of the EAIS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)789-801
Number of pages13
JournalPaleoceanography
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2015

Keywords

  • Antarctica
  • IRD MAR
  • Pliocene
  • Southern Ocean
  • climate variability
  • orbital insolation

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