Tobacco outlet density and smoking prevalence

Does racial concentration matter?

Robert Reid, N. Andrew Peterson, John B. Lowe, Joseph Hughey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The abuse of tobacco products is cause for international concern. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that tobacco use is the fourth most common risk factor for disease worldwide and the second leading cause of death in the world. Although the dangers of smoking have been well publicized in many industrial countries, current smoking patterns suggest that by the year 2025 smoking-related disease will account for approximately ten million deaths each year. The United States is one such industrial country where the detrimental effects of tobacco use have created a public health crisis, claiming the lives of over 440,000 Americans on an annual basis. Of particular concern is the growing epidemic of diseases caused by tobacco use among African Americans. But an important question eluding public policy officials is whether tobacco companies are increasing their presence in disadvantaged, racially diverse communities to increase sales of their product. Addressing this concern, this study is among the first to examine the effect of race on the geographic association between tobacco outlet density and cigarette smoking prevalence. End-of-year 2002 data were derived from licenses of 4745 tobacco-selling retail outlets operating in the State of Iowa, which is located in the midwestern part of the USA. The 2000 US census and the 2002 Iowa Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were used to inform race and smoking prevalence variables. Results of hierarchical regression analysis indicated that the relationship between tobacco outlet density and smoking prevalence was greater in Iowa counties with a higher percentage of African Americans. Implications for tobacco-control policies and directions for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-238
Number of pages6
JournalDrugs: Education, Prevention and Policy
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2005

Fingerprint

nicotine
Tobacco
smoking
Smoking
Tobacco Use
African Americans
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
Disease
Vulnerable Populations
Censuses
Licensure
Public Policy
Tobacco Products
Cause of Death
Public Health
Regression Analysis
cause of death
WHO
selling
license

Cite this

Reid, Robert ; Peterson, N. Andrew ; Lowe, John B. ; Hughey, Joseph. / Tobacco outlet density and smoking prevalence : Does racial concentration matter?. In: Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy. 2005 ; Vol. 12, No. 3. pp. 233-238.
@article{48e505db7e11472e8da4427af99dac34,
title = "Tobacco outlet density and smoking prevalence: Does racial concentration matter?",
abstract = "The abuse of tobacco products is cause for international concern. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that tobacco use is the fourth most common risk factor for disease worldwide and the second leading cause of death in the world. Although the dangers of smoking have been well publicized in many industrial countries, current smoking patterns suggest that by the year 2025 smoking-related disease will account for approximately ten million deaths each year. The United States is one such industrial country where the detrimental effects of tobacco use have created a public health crisis, claiming the lives of over 440,000 Americans on an annual basis. Of particular concern is the growing epidemic of diseases caused by tobacco use among African Americans. But an important question eluding public policy officials is whether tobacco companies are increasing their presence in disadvantaged, racially diverse communities to increase sales of their product. Addressing this concern, this study is among the first to examine the effect of race on the geographic association between tobacco outlet density and cigarette smoking prevalence. End-of-year 2002 data were derived from licenses of 4745 tobacco-selling retail outlets operating in the State of Iowa, which is located in the midwestern part of the USA. The 2000 US census and the 2002 Iowa Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were used to inform race and smoking prevalence variables. Results of hierarchical regression analysis indicated that the relationship between tobacco outlet density and smoking prevalence was greater in Iowa counties with a higher percentage of African Americans. Implications for tobacco-control policies and directions for future research are discussed.",
author = "Robert Reid and Peterson, {N. Andrew} and Lowe, {John B.} and Joseph Hughey",
year = "2005",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/09687630500035485",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "233--238",
journal = "Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy",
issn = "0968-7637",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "3",

}

Tobacco outlet density and smoking prevalence : Does racial concentration matter? / Reid, Robert; Peterson, N. Andrew; Lowe, John B.; Hughey, Joseph.

In: Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, Vol. 12, No. 3, 01.06.2005, p. 233-238.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tobacco outlet density and smoking prevalence

T2 - Does racial concentration matter?

AU - Reid, Robert

AU - Peterson, N. Andrew

AU - Lowe, John B.

AU - Hughey, Joseph

PY - 2005/6/1

Y1 - 2005/6/1

N2 - The abuse of tobacco products is cause for international concern. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that tobacco use is the fourth most common risk factor for disease worldwide and the second leading cause of death in the world. Although the dangers of smoking have been well publicized in many industrial countries, current smoking patterns suggest that by the year 2025 smoking-related disease will account for approximately ten million deaths each year. The United States is one such industrial country where the detrimental effects of tobacco use have created a public health crisis, claiming the lives of over 440,000 Americans on an annual basis. Of particular concern is the growing epidemic of diseases caused by tobacco use among African Americans. But an important question eluding public policy officials is whether tobacco companies are increasing their presence in disadvantaged, racially diverse communities to increase sales of their product. Addressing this concern, this study is among the first to examine the effect of race on the geographic association between tobacco outlet density and cigarette smoking prevalence. End-of-year 2002 data were derived from licenses of 4745 tobacco-selling retail outlets operating in the State of Iowa, which is located in the midwestern part of the USA. The 2000 US census and the 2002 Iowa Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were used to inform race and smoking prevalence variables. Results of hierarchical regression analysis indicated that the relationship between tobacco outlet density and smoking prevalence was greater in Iowa counties with a higher percentage of African Americans. Implications for tobacco-control policies and directions for future research are discussed.

AB - The abuse of tobacco products is cause for international concern. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that tobacco use is the fourth most common risk factor for disease worldwide and the second leading cause of death in the world. Although the dangers of smoking have been well publicized in many industrial countries, current smoking patterns suggest that by the year 2025 smoking-related disease will account for approximately ten million deaths each year. The United States is one such industrial country where the detrimental effects of tobacco use have created a public health crisis, claiming the lives of over 440,000 Americans on an annual basis. Of particular concern is the growing epidemic of diseases caused by tobacco use among African Americans. But an important question eluding public policy officials is whether tobacco companies are increasing their presence in disadvantaged, racially diverse communities to increase sales of their product. Addressing this concern, this study is among the first to examine the effect of race on the geographic association between tobacco outlet density and cigarette smoking prevalence. End-of-year 2002 data were derived from licenses of 4745 tobacco-selling retail outlets operating in the State of Iowa, which is located in the midwestern part of the USA. The 2000 US census and the 2002 Iowa Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were used to inform race and smoking prevalence variables. Results of hierarchical regression analysis indicated that the relationship between tobacco outlet density and smoking prevalence was greater in Iowa counties with a higher percentage of African Americans. Implications for tobacco-control policies and directions for future research are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=19144373357&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/09687630500035485

DO - 10.1080/09687630500035485

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 233

EP - 238

JO - Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy

JF - Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy

SN - 0968-7637

IS - 3

ER -