Ultraviolet coloration in tiger swallowtail butterflies (Papilio Glaucus Group, Papilionidae) with a method for objectively quantifying adult butterfly wing wear

Matthew Aardema, J. Mark Scriber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Tiger swallowtail butterflies in the genus Papilio have an ability to visually distinguish between a large array of colors including those in the ultraviolet spectrum (UV). However, very little is known about UV reflectance patterns in these butterflies. Using a combination of UV photography and spectral analysis, we here show that several areas on the wings of tiger swallowtails reflect UV light including areas of blue scaling and the anterobasal region of the hind wings. We also discuss how a low level of UV reflectance from the wing membrane itself may be combined with UV photography to quantify wing wear. This technique could be used to objectively place wild-caught individuals into wear classes, approximating their age. Finally, we examine male mating preferences for pristine or artificially aged females and present preliminary results that suggest a strong preference for those that are pristine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-62
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Lepidopterists' Society
Volume69
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Mar 2015

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Papilio glaucus
Papilionidae
butterfly
butterflies
color
photography
reflectance
Papilio
mating behavior
methodology
spectral analysis
method
membrane

Keywords

  • Mate choice
  • Papilio
  • Papilionidae
  • Ultraviolet coloration
  • Wear class

Cite this

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title = "Ultraviolet coloration in tiger swallowtail butterflies (Papilio Glaucus Group, Papilionidae) with a method for objectively quantifying adult butterfly wing wear",
abstract = "Tiger swallowtail butterflies in the genus Papilio have an ability to visually distinguish between a large array of colors including those in the ultraviolet spectrum (UV). However, very little is known about UV reflectance patterns in these butterflies. Using a combination of UV photography and spectral analysis, we here show that several areas on the wings of tiger swallowtails reflect UV light including areas of blue scaling and the anterobasal region of the hind wings. We also discuss how a low level of UV reflectance from the wing membrane itself may be combined with UV photography to quantify wing wear. This technique could be used to objectively place wild-caught individuals into wear classes, approximating their age. Finally, we examine male mating preferences for pristine or artificially aged females and present preliminary results that suggest a strong preference for those that are pristine.",
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Ultraviolet coloration in tiger swallowtail butterflies (Papilio Glaucus Group, Papilionidae) with a method for objectively quantifying adult butterfly wing wear. / Aardema, Matthew; Scriber, J. Mark.

In: Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society, Vol. 69, No. 1, 06.03.2015, p. 58-62.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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