Updating the Bibliography of Interbreeding among Canis in North America

Bridgett M. vonHoldt, Matthew L. Aardema

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


This bibliography provides a collection of references that documents the evolution of studies evidencing interbreeding among Canis species in North America. Over the past several decades, advances in biology and genomic technology greatly improved our ability to detect and characterize species interbreeding, which has significance for understanding species in a changing landscape as well as for endangered species management. This bibliography includes a discussion within each category of interbreeding, the timeline of developing evidence, and includes a review of past research conducted on experimental crosses. Research conducted in the early 20th century is rich with detailed records and photographs of hybrid offspring development and behavior. With the progression of molecular methods, studies can estimate historical demographic parameters and detect chromosomal patterns of ancestry. As these methods continue to increase in accessibility, the field will gain a deeper and richer understanding of the evolutionary history of North American Canis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-262
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Heredity
Issue number3
StatePublished - 20 May 2020


  • hybridization
  • interbreeding


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