Validating the Food Behavior Questions from the Elementary School SPAN Questionnaire

Krisha Thiagarajah, Alyce D. Fly, Deanna M. Hoelscher, Yeon Bai, Kaman Lo, Angela Leone, Julie A. Shertzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The School Physical Activity and Nutrition (SPAN) questionnaire was developed as a surveillance instrument to measure physical activity, nutrition attitudes, and dietary and physical activity behaviors in children and adolescents. The SPAN questionnaire has 2 versions. Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the validity of food consumption items from the elementary school version of the SPAN questionnaire. Design: Validity was assessed by comparing food items selected on the questionnaire with food items reported from a single 24-hour recall covering the same reference period. Setting: 5 elementary schools in Indiana. Participants: Fourth-grade student volunteers (N = 121) from 5 elementary schools. Main Outcome Measure: Agreement between responses to SPAN questionnaire items and reference values obtained through 24-hour dietary recall. Analysis: The agreement between the questionnaire and the 24-hour recall was measured using Spearman correlation, percentage agreement, and kappa statistic. Results: Correlation between SPAN item responses and recall data ranged from .25 (bread and related products) to .67 (gravy). The percentage agreement ranged from 26% (bread and related products) to 90% (gravy). The kappa statistic varied from .06 (chocolate candy) to .60 (beans). Conclusions and implications: Results from this study indicate that the SPAN questionnaire can be administered in the classroom quickly and easily to measure many previous day dietary behaviors of fourth graders. However, questions addressing consumption of "vegetables," "candy," and "snacks" need further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-310
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2008

Fingerprint

Exercise
Food
Candy
Bread
Surveys and Questionnaires
Adolescent Behavior
Snacks
Child Behavior
Vegetables
Volunteers
Reference Values
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Students

Keywords

  • children
  • elementary
  • food behavior questions
  • validity

Cite this

Thiagarajah, Krisha ; Fly, Alyce D. ; Hoelscher, Deanna M. ; Bai, Yeon ; Lo, Kaman ; Leone, Angela ; Shertzer, Julie A. / Validating the Food Behavior Questions from the Elementary School SPAN Questionnaire. In: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. 2008 ; Vol. 40, No. 5. pp. 305-310.
@article{a18612a932fe4ce78497509bfc156b0f,
title = "Validating the Food Behavior Questions from the Elementary School SPAN Questionnaire",
abstract = "Background: The School Physical Activity and Nutrition (SPAN) questionnaire was developed as a surveillance instrument to measure physical activity, nutrition attitudes, and dietary and physical activity behaviors in children and adolescents. The SPAN questionnaire has 2 versions. Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the validity of food consumption items from the elementary school version of the SPAN questionnaire. Design: Validity was assessed by comparing food items selected on the questionnaire with food items reported from a single 24-hour recall covering the same reference period. Setting: 5 elementary schools in Indiana. Participants: Fourth-grade student volunteers (N = 121) from 5 elementary schools. Main Outcome Measure: Agreement between responses to SPAN questionnaire items and reference values obtained through 24-hour dietary recall. Analysis: The agreement between the questionnaire and the 24-hour recall was measured using Spearman correlation, percentage agreement, and kappa statistic. Results: Correlation between SPAN item responses and recall data ranged from .25 (bread and related products) to .67 (gravy). The percentage agreement ranged from 26{\%} (bread and related products) to 90{\%} (gravy). The kappa statistic varied from .06 (chocolate candy) to .60 (beans). Conclusions and implications: Results from this study indicate that the SPAN questionnaire can be administered in the classroom quickly and easily to measure many previous day dietary behaviors of fourth graders. However, questions addressing consumption of {"}vegetables,{"} {"}candy,{"} and {"}snacks{"} need further investigation.",
keywords = "children, elementary, food behavior questions, validity",
author = "Krisha Thiagarajah and Fly, {Alyce D.} and Hoelscher, {Deanna M.} and Yeon Bai and Kaman Lo and Angela Leone and Shertzer, {Julie A.}",
year = "2008",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jneb.2007.07.004",
language = "English",
volume = "40",
pages = "305--310",
journal = "Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior",
issn = "1499-4046",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "5",

}

Validating the Food Behavior Questions from the Elementary School SPAN Questionnaire. / Thiagarajah, Krisha; Fly, Alyce D.; Hoelscher, Deanna M.; Bai, Yeon; Lo, Kaman; Leone, Angela; Shertzer, Julie A.

In: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, Vol. 40, No. 5, 01.09.2008, p. 305-310.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Validating the Food Behavior Questions from the Elementary School SPAN Questionnaire

AU - Thiagarajah, Krisha

AU - Fly, Alyce D.

AU - Hoelscher, Deanna M.

AU - Bai, Yeon

AU - Lo, Kaman

AU - Leone, Angela

AU - Shertzer, Julie A.

PY - 2008/9/1

Y1 - 2008/9/1

N2 - Background: The School Physical Activity and Nutrition (SPAN) questionnaire was developed as a surveillance instrument to measure physical activity, nutrition attitudes, and dietary and physical activity behaviors in children and adolescents. The SPAN questionnaire has 2 versions. Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the validity of food consumption items from the elementary school version of the SPAN questionnaire. Design: Validity was assessed by comparing food items selected on the questionnaire with food items reported from a single 24-hour recall covering the same reference period. Setting: 5 elementary schools in Indiana. Participants: Fourth-grade student volunteers (N = 121) from 5 elementary schools. Main Outcome Measure: Agreement between responses to SPAN questionnaire items and reference values obtained through 24-hour dietary recall. Analysis: The agreement between the questionnaire and the 24-hour recall was measured using Spearman correlation, percentage agreement, and kappa statistic. Results: Correlation between SPAN item responses and recall data ranged from .25 (bread and related products) to .67 (gravy). The percentage agreement ranged from 26% (bread and related products) to 90% (gravy). The kappa statistic varied from .06 (chocolate candy) to .60 (beans). Conclusions and implications: Results from this study indicate that the SPAN questionnaire can be administered in the classroom quickly and easily to measure many previous day dietary behaviors of fourth graders. However, questions addressing consumption of "vegetables," "candy," and "snacks" need further investigation.

AB - Background: The School Physical Activity and Nutrition (SPAN) questionnaire was developed as a surveillance instrument to measure physical activity, nutrition attitudes, and dietary and physical activity behaviors in children and adolescents. The SPAN questionnaire has 2 versions. Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the validity of food consumption items from the elementary school version of the SPAN questionnaire. Design: Validity was assessed by comparing food items selected on the questionnaire with food items reported from a single 24-hour recall covering the same reference period. Setting: 5 elementary schools in Indiana. Participants: Fourth-grade student volunteers (N = 121) from 5 elementary schools. Main Outcome Measure: Agreement between responses to SPAN questionnaire items and reference values obtained through 24-hour dietary recall. Analysis: The agreement between the questionnaire and the 24-hour recall was measured using Spearman correlation, percentage agreement, and kappa statistic. Results: Correlation between SPAN item responses and recall data ranged from .25 (bread and related products) to .67 (gravy). The percentage agreement ranged from 26% (bread and related products) to 90% (gravy). The kappa statistic varied from .06 (chocolate candy) to .60 (beans). Conclusions and implications: Results from this study indicate that the SPAN questionnaire can be administered in the classroom quickly and easily to measure many previous day dietary behaviors of fourth graders. However, questions addressing consumption of "vegetables," "candy," and "snacks" need further investigation.

KW - children

KW - elementary

KW - food behavior questions

KW - validity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=49749103605&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jneb.2007.07.004

DO - 10.1016/j.jneb.2007.07.004

M3 - Article

C2 - 18725149

AN - SCOPUS:49749103605

VL - 40

SP - 305

EP - 310

JO - Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior

JF - Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior

SN - 1499-4046

IS - 5

ER -