VeriDL: Integrity Verification of Outsourced Deep Learning Services

Boxiang Dong, Bo Zhang, Hui (Wendy) Wang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Deep neural networks (DNNs) are prominent due to their superior performance in many fields. The deep-learning-as-a-service (DLaaS) paradigm enables individuals and organizations (clients) to outsource their DNN learning tasks to the cloud-based platforms. However, the DLaaS server may return incorrect DNN models due to various reasons (e.g., Byzantine failures). This raises the serious concern of how to verify if the DNN models trained by potentially untrusted DLaaS servers are indeed correct. To address this concern, in this paper, we design VeriDL, a framework that supports efficient correctness verification of DNN models in the DLaaS paradigm. The key idea of VeriDL is the design of a small-size cryptographic proof of the training process of the DNN model, which is associated with the model and returned to the client. Through the proof, VeriDL can verify the correctness of the DNN model returned by the DLaaS server with a deterministic guarantee and cheap overhead. Our experiments on four real-world datasets demonstrate the efficiency and effectiveness of VeriDL.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMachine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases. Research Track - European Conference, ECML PKDD 2021, Proceedings
EditorsNuria Oliver, Fernando Pérez-Cruz, Stefan Kramer, Jesse Read, Jose A. Lozano
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9783030865191
StatePublished - 2021
EventEuropean Conference on Machine Learning and Principles and Practice of Knowledge Discovery in Databases, ECML PKDD 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 13 Sep 202117 Sep 2021

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume12976 LNAI
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


ConferenceEuropean Conference on Machine Learning and Principles and Practice of Knowledge Discovery in Databases, ECML PKDD 2021
CityVirtual, Online


  • Deep learning
  • Deep-learning-as-a-service
  • Integrity verification


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