Voice Liveness Detection for Voice Assistants through Ear Canal Pressure Monitoring

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The voice assistants are important input devices in future smart homes. hanks to the great performance that is provided by current voice recognition systems, current voice assistants can understand various commands in different language from users and connect with other devices in the same local network to perform corresponding actions. However, the voices are not secure due to its nature. Even if we secure voice assistant using the voiceprint, attackers can still steal the victim's voices and replay them to voice assistants for attacking purpose. In this paper, we propose a new voice liveness detection system that is specifically designed for voice assistants. The key insight behind our system is that users will open their mouth when they say some phonemes. Such opening mouth activities will impact the air pressure in the ear canal if the ear canal is an enclosed space. Therefore, we can detect the liveness of the voices on the side of voice assistants by cauterizing the correlations between each sentence and the air pressure. Experiments with ten volunteers show that our system can accurately accept voice commands from legitimate users with accuracy of 94.8\% and 97\%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1225-1234
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Network Science and Engineering
Issue number3
StateAccepted/In press - 2022


  • Ear
  • ear canal pressure
  • Headphones
  • Irrigation
  • liveness detection
  • Mouth
  • Performance evaluation
  • Smart homes
  • Speech recognition
  • Voice replay attack


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