Web-based interventions for youth internalizing problems

A systematic review

Jazmin Reyes-Portillo, Laura Mufson, Laurence L. Greenhill, Madelyn S. Gould, Prudence W. Fisher, Naomi Tarlow, Moira A. Rynn

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Results Of the 14,001 citations initially identified, 25 articles met inclusion criteria for Web-based interventions. These described 9 programs, of which 8 were Internet based and 1 was a mobile application. No Web-based interventions for suicide prevention were identified. Of the randomized controlled trials (n = 14) and open trials (n = 3) identified, 10 reported significant postintervention reductions in symptoms of depression and/or anxiety or improvements in diagnostic ratings, with small to large effect sizes. Many of these studies also reported significant improvements at follow-up. The methodological quality of the studies varied. Many programs were limited by their small sample sizes and use of waitlist or no-treatment control groups.

Conclusion There is limited evidence for the effectiveness of Web-based interventions for youth depression and anxiety. Additional research and program development are needed to fill the current gaps in the literature.

Objective To review published reports on Web-based treatment and prevention programs for depression, anxiety, and suicide prevention in children, adolescents, and emerging adults.

Method A systematic search of the PsycINFO, PubMed, Medline, and Web of Science databases was conducted in December 2013. Programs were classified according to evidence-base level (Well-Established, Probably Efficacious, Possibly Efficacious, Experimental, and Of Questionable Efficacy).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1254-1270.e5
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume53
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014

Fingerprint

Anxiety
Depression
Suicide
Mobile Applications
Program Development
PubMed
Internet
Sample Size
Randomized Controlled Trials
Databases
Control Groups
Therapeutics
Research

Keywords

  • anxiety
  • depression
  • emerging adult
  • Web-based intervention

Cite this

Reyes-Portillo, Jazmin ; Mufson, Laura ; Greenhill, Laurence L. ; Gould, Madelyn S. ; Fisher, Prudence W. ; Tarlow, Naomi ; Rynn, Moira A. / Web-based interventions for youth internalizing problems : A systematic review. In: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 2014 ; Vol. 53, No. 12. pp. 1254-1270.e5.
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abstract = "Results Of the 14,001 citations initially identified, 25 articles met inclusion criteria for Web-based interventions. These described 9 programs, of which 8 were Internet based and 1 was a mobile application. No Web-based interventions for suicide prevention were identified. Of the randomized controlled trials (n = 14) and open trials (n = 3) identified, 10 reported significant postintervention reductions in symptoms of depression and/or anxiety or improvements in diagnostic ratings, with small to large effect sizes. Many of these studies also reported significant improvements at follow-up. The methodological quality of the studies varied. Many programs were limited by their small sample sizes and use of waitlist or no-treatment control groups.Conclusion There is limited evidence for the effectiveness of Web-based interventions for youth depression and anxiety. Additional research and program development are needed to fill the current gaps in the literature.Objective To review published reports on Web-based treatment and prevention programs for depression, anxiety, and suicide prevention in children, adolescents, and emerging adults.Method A systematic search of the PsycINFO, PubMed, Medline, and Web of Science databases was conducted in December 2013. Programs were classified according to evidence-base level (Well-Established, Probably Efficacious, Possibly Efficacious, Experimental, and Of Questionable Efficacy).",
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Web-based interventions for youth internalizing problems : A systematic review. / Reyes-Portillo, Jazmin; Mufson, Laura; Greenhill, Laurence L.; Gould, Madelyn S.; Fisher, Prudence W.; Tarlow, Naomi; Rynn, Moira A.

In: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. 53, No. 12, 01.01.2014, p. 1254-1270.e5.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Web-based interventions for youth internalizing problems

T2 - A systematic review

AU - Reyes-Portillo, Jazmin

AU - Mufson, Laura

AU - Greenhill, Laurence L.

AU - Gould, Madelyn S.

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AU - Tarlow, Naomi

AU - Rynn, Moira A.

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N2 - Results Of the 14,001 citations initially identified, 25 articles met inclusion criteria for Web-based interventions. These described 9 programs, of which 8 were Internet based and 1 was a mobile application. No Web-based interventions for suicide prevention were identified. Of the randomized controlled trials (n = 14) and open trials (n = 3) identified, 10 reported significant postintervention reductions in symptoms of depression and/or anxiety or improvements in diagnostic ratings, with small to large effect sizes. Many of these studies also reported significant improvements at follow-up. The methodological quality of the studies varied. Many programs were limited by their small sample sizes and use of waitlist or no-treatment control groups.Conclusion There is limited evidence for the effectiveness of Web-based interventions for youth depression and anxiety. Additional research and program development are needed to fill the current gaps in the literature.Objective To review published reports on Web-based treatment and prevention programs for depression, anxiety, and suicide prevention in children, adolescents, and emerging adults.Method A systematic search of the PsycINFO, PubMed, Medline, and Web of Science databases was conducted in December 2013. Programs were classified according to evidence-base level (Well-Established, Probably Efficacious, Possibly Efficacious, Experimental, and Of Questionable Efficacy).

AB - Results Of the 14,001 citations initially identified, 25 articles met inclusion criteria for Web-based interventions. These described 9 programs, of which 8 were Internet based and 1 was a mobile application. No Web-based interventions for suicide prevention were identified. Of the randomized controlled trials (n = 14) and open trials (n = 3) identified, 10 reported significant postintervention reductions in symptoms of depression and/or anxiety or improvements in diagnostic ratings, with small to large effect sizes. Many of these studies also reported significant improvements at follow-up. The methodological quality of the studies varied. Many programs were limited by their small sample sizes and use of waitlist or no-treatment control groups.Conclusion There is limited evidence for the effectiveness of Web-based interventions for youth depression and anxiety. Additional research and program development are needed to fill the current gaps in the literature.Objective To review published reports on Web-based treatment and prevention programs for depression, anxiety, and suicide prevention in children, adolescents, and emerging adults.Method A systematic search of the PsycINFO, PubMed, Medline, and Web of Science databases was conducted in December 2013. Programs were classified according to evidence-base level (Well-Established, Probably Efficacious, Possibly Efficacious, Experimental, and Of Questionable Efficacy).

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