Word-monitoring tasks interact with levels of representation during speech comprehension

David Townsend, Michael Hoover, Thomas G. Bever

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Researchers frequently use data from monitoring tasks to argue that constraints on meaning facilitate lower-level processes. An alternate hypothesis is that the processing level that a monitoring task requires interacts with discourse-level processing. Subjects monitored spoken sentences for a synonym (semantic match), a nonsense word (phonological match), or a rhyme (phonologically and semantically constrained matching). The critical targets appeared at the beginning of the final clause in two-clause sentences that began with if, which signals a semantic analysis at the discourse level, or with though, which maintains a surface representation. Synonym-monitoring times were faster for if than for though, nonsense word-monitoring times were faster for though than for if, and rhyme-monitoring times did not differ for if and though. The results show that conjunctions influence how listeners allocate attention to semantic versus phonological information, implying that listeners form these kinds of information independently.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-274
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Psycholinguistic Research
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2000

Fingerprint

Semantics
comprehension
monitoring
semantics
listener
Research Personnel
discourse
Monitoring
Speech Comprehension
time
Listeners
Rhyme
Discourse
Synonyms
Nonsense Words

Cite this

Townsend, David ; Hoover, Michael ; Bever, Thomas G. / Word-monitoring tasks interact with levels of representation during speech comprehension. In: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research. 2000 ; Vol. 29, No. 3. pp. 265-274.
@article{65590b52b56c4efdb7e23a73659c0ba0,
title = "Word-monitoring tasks interact with levels of representation during speech comprehension",
abstract = "Researchers frequently use data from monitoring tasks to argue that constraints on meaning facilitate lower-level processes. An alternate hypothesis is that the processing level that a monitoring task requires interacts with discourse-level processing. Subjects monitored spoken sentences for a synonym (semantic match), a nonsense word (phonological match), or a rhyme (phonologically and semantically constrained matching). The critical targets appeared at the beginning of the final clause in two-clause sentences that began with if, which signals a semantic analysis at the discourse level, or with though, which maintains a surface representation. Synonym-monitoring times were faster for if than for though, nonsense word-monitoring times were faster for though than for if, and rhyme-monitoring times did not differ for if and though. The results show that conjunctions influence how listeners allocate attention to semantic versus phonological information, implying that listeners form these kinds of information independently.",
author = "David Townsend and Michael Hoover and Bever, {Thomas G.}",
year = "2000",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1023/A:1005148104885",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
pages = "265--274",
journal = "Journal of Psycholinguistic Research",
issn = "0090-6905",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "3",

}

Word-monitoring tasks interact with levels of representation during speech comprehension. / Townsend, David; Hoover, Michael; Bever, Thomas G.

In: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, Vol. 29, No. 3, 01.01.2000, p. 265-274.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Word-monitoring tasks interact with levels of representation during speech comprehension

AU - Townsend, David

AU - Hoover, Michael

AU - Bever, Thomas G.

PY - 2000/1/1

Y1 - 2000/1/1

N2 - Researchers frequently use data from monitoring tasks to argue that constraints on meaning facilitate lower-level processes. An alternate hypothesis is that the processing level that a monitoring task requires interacts with discourse-level processing. Subjects monitored spoken sentences for a synonym (semantic match), a nonsense word (phonological match), or a rhyme (phonologically and semantically constrained matching). The critical targets appeared at the beginning of the final clause in two-clause sentences that began with if, which signals a semantic analysis at the discourse level, or with though, which maintains a surface representation. Synonym-monitoring times were faster for if than for though, nonsense word-monitoring times were faster for though than for if, and rhyme-monitoring times did not differ for if and though. The results show that conjunctions influence how listeners allocate attention to semantic versus phonological information, implying that listeners form these kinds of information independently.

AB - Researchers frequently use data from monitoring tasks to argue that constraints on meaning facilitate lower-level processes. An alternate hypothesis is that the processing level that a monitoring task requires interacts with discourse-level processing. Subjects monitored spoken sentences for a synonym (semantic match), a nonsense word (phonological match), or a rhyme (phonologically and semantically constrained matching). The critical targets appeared at the beginning of the final clause in two-clause sentences that began with if, which signals a semantic analysis at the discourse level, or with though, which maintains a surface representation. Synonym-monitoring times were faster for if than for though, nonsense word-monitoring times were faster for though than for if, and rhyme-monitoring times did not differ for if and though. The results show that conjunctions influence how listeners allocate attention to semantic versus phonological information, implying that listeners form these kinds of information independently.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034183964&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1023/A:1005148104885

DO - 10.1023/A:1005148104885

M3 - Article

C2 - 10937365

AN - SCOPUS:0034183964

VL - 29

SP - 265

EP - 274

JO - Journal of Psycholinguistic Research

JF - Journal of Psycholinguistic Research

SN - 0090-6905

IS - 3

ER -