Worker perspectives on the impact of non-standard workdays on worker and family well-being: A qualitative study

Adekemi O. Suleiman, Ragan E. Decker, Jennifer L. Garza, Rick A. Laguerre, Alicia G. Dugan, Jennifer M. Cavallari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Non-standard work schedules (NSWSs), occurring outside of regular and predictable daytime hours, may negatively affect worker and family health. This qualitative study sought to understand worker perspectives on the health and well-being impacts of NSWSs among full-time, transportation maintainers, correctional, and manufacturing workers. Methods: Forty-nine workers participated in 8 focus groups. Data were transcribed and analyzed with ATLAS.ti, using the constant comparative method to identify themes and sub-themes. Results: Workers reported that long work hours and irregular and unpredictable schedules posed the biggest obstacles to their well-being. Workers reported that NSWSs were associated with behavior impacts (poor family and social connections, poor eating, poor sleep, lack of exercise recovery), physical health impacts (exhaustion, weight gain) and extended work exposures (increased stress, increased accidents). Conclusions: This highlights the importance of developing and implementing effective workplace interventions to address these barriers to health and health behaviors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2230
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Long hours
  • Shift work
  • Work schedule
  • Worker well-being

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